A Refutation of Unitarian Socinianism and Arianism

AUTHORS NOTE: I have purposefully decided to take a different approach in writing this book by placing all sources and footnotes in parenthesis directly in my texts with smaller italic font, as I always dislike having to go all the way to the end of a book to find the sources and quotes. It is my opinion that this approach not only saves time, it also helps readers see the documented evidence directly in front of them for their own further study.

Introduction To Unitarian Socinianism And Arianism

Many scriptures prove beyond a reasonable doubt that “the man Christ Jesus” (1 Tim. 2:5) was “granted” a distinct human “life” (John 5:26) as a son (a man) by God the Father at a specific point in time. The scriptures further prove that the Son as the Son had his beginning by his begetting (Psalm 2:7 “You are My Son, this day have I begotten you”; 2 Samuel 7:14; Hebrews 1:5 “I will be to him a Father and he will be to me a son”). While still other scriptures prove that Jesus has always existed before his human birth as the great “I AM” of eternity past (“Before Abraham was I am”- John 8:58) who pre-existed his birth prior to partaking of flesh and blood as a fully complete human Son (as the children are partakers of flesh and blood he likewise took part of the same” to become “fully human in every way”- Hebrews 2:14-17-NIV). Hebrews 2:14-17 and 1 Timothy 3:16 prove that the true identity of Jesus is “God” who “was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit” (1 Tim. 3:16). When we finites focus on only one part of the divine revelation of scripture rather than the totality of the scriptural evidence, our own human understanding often leads us to jump to the conclusion that Jesus was just a special man (Socinianism) or a special angelic creation (Arianism) rather than being “God with us” as a true man living among men.

The bulk of this chapter begins with the refutation of Unitarian Socinianism (“Socinianism is a system of Christian doctrine named for Fausto Sozzini, … which was developed among the Polish Brethren in the Minor Reformed Church of Poland during the 16th and 17th centuries” - Wikipedia) which denies that Jesus ever existed outside of his human conception and birth as a true man. While the historical evidence proves that Unitarian Socinianism existed within the first few centuries of the Christian era (Some Jewish Ebionites, Paul of Samosata, Theodotus the tanner), only a very small fragment of the professing Christian population believed that Jesus was only a man. Since much of the scriptural evidence refuting Socinianism also refutes Arianism and Trinitarianism (Arianism affirms that Jesus pre-existed his birth as a created angel), I have decided to point out where the same scriptural evidence against Socinianism also refutes Arianism and Trinitarianism after each section rather than having to repeat myself over and over again. Then in a very short part two of this chapter, I will present the remaining scriptural evidence refuting Arianism that does not specifically refute Socinianism, while pointing out that much of the evidence which refutes Arianism also refutes Trinitarianism - as Trinitarian theology actually evolved from Semi-Arian theology (In a later chapter I have presented the historical evidence proving that it was “Semi-Arian” theology that evolved into a Semi-Trinitarian theology in the third century and that the full Trinitarian theology did not even exist until the fourth and fifth centuries of the Christian era).

Unitarian Socinianism affirms that Jesus is just a special man while Arianism affirms that Jesus is just a special angelic creation. Both views deny the full deity the one who became the man Christ Jesus by the Father’s own word that was “made flesh” (John 1:1, 14) and by the Father’s own Holy Spirit who came down from heaven (Luke 1:35- “The Holy Spirit will come upon you”; John 6:38- “I came down from heaven”) upon the virgin to supernaturally conceive the Christ child. Since Jesus Christ is like God in being omnipresent to hear and answer prayer (John 14:14- “If you shall ask anything in my name I will do it”) and since he is like God in being worshiped (Heb. 1:6- “Let all the angels worship him”) and honoured “even as the Father (John 5:23- “all men should honour the Son even as the Father”),” Jesus has to be God who became a man (“I am God and there is none else, I am God and THERE IS NONE LIKE ME” – Isaiah 46:9). For how can the Son who hears and answers prayers also be worshiped by all of the angels (“Let all of the angels worship him”-Heb. 1:6), and honoured “even as the Father” without violating Isaiah 46:9 and Isaiah 42:8 (“there is NONE LIKE ME”- Isaiah 46:9; “I am Yahweh, that is My Name, and MY GLORY WILL I NOT GIVE TO ANOTHER”- Isaiah 42:8)? Wherefore, the scriptures irrefutably prove that the child born and Son given (Isaiah 9:6) was produced “out of” the Father’s substance of Being (Heb 1:3- “The Son is the brightness of His glory and the express image [charakter = “copy” or “reproduction”] of His Person [the Father’s Person - hypostasis = “substance of Being”]; Matthew 1:20- “the child who has been conceived in her is [EK = “out of”] out of the Holy Spirit”) and “out of” the humanity of the Hebrew virgin (Galatians 4:4 [ek] “out of a woman”) as Immanuel “God with us” (Matthew 1:23) as a fully complete human being (Heb. 2:14, 17).

Part 1. A Refutation of Unitarian Socinianism and Arianism​

A few years ago I had asked one of the top Socinian Unitarian apologists, namely Sir Anthony Buzzard, some specific questions from the following materials in my email correspondence with him that he apparently could not answer. After our long email exchanges, I further asked Sir Anthony if he would be willing to participate in a Oneness vs. Unitarian Socinian debate but he refused to accept the challenge. I have subsequently posted the same scriptural evidence online with the hope that a Socinian Unitarian apologist would respond, but none have responded.

After my long email correspondence with Dr. Buzzard, I have repeatedly contacted all of the prominent Socinian Unitarian apologists to participate in a Oneness vs. Unitarian debate, but every single one of them either ignored my requests or flat out declined to participate in a debate against Oneness Theology (Historically known as Modalism). Why would every single apologist for a particular theological view turn down the opportunity to convince others that they are right? Thus, it appears to me that Socinian Unitarian apologists are no longer willing to participate in debates against Jesus being identified as God because they know that their position that Jesus is just a special man is completely untenable.

Christ Pre-Existed His Birth as God

1 Corinthians 10:1-4 (NASB) says, "... our fathers were all under the CLOUD and all passed through the SEA; and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea; and all ate the same SPIRITUAL FOOD; and all DRANK the same SPIRITUAL DRINK, for they WERE DRINKING from A SPIRITUAL ROCK WHICH FOLLOWED THEM, and the ROCK WAS CHRIST." (1 Cor. 10:1-4 - Emphasis added)

Paul clearly stated by inspiration that the Israelite fathers "were under the CLOUD (the Spirit of God) and all ATE the same SPIRITUAL FOOD. And they all "WERE BAPTIZED in the CLOUD and in the sea (they experienced a type of water and Spirit baptism), and all DRANK from the same “SPIRITUAL DRINK (they drank from the Spirit of God). For they WERE DRINKING from a Spiritual Rock which FOLLOWED THEM, and the ROCK WAS CHRIST." (Emphasis added)

Notice that the text says that "they were drinking from a Spiritual Rock which FOLLOWED THEM." Could the Israelites have not ate and drank from the same spiritual food and drink while the scriptures say that they did eat and drink “from the same Spiritual drink” which “WAS CHRIST?” Since the inspired text says that "they were drinking from a Spiritual Rock which FOLLOWED them," we know that the "Spiritual Rock" is not talking about the literal rock at Horeb as the literal Rock at Horeb could not have "FOLLOWED THEM" (the Israelites) in the wilderness. For we all know that literal rocks do not move around following people.

We know that "the cloud by day and fire by night" followed the Israelites which clearly identifies the Spirit of God as that Spirit which "WAS CHRIST" before his birth at Bethlehem. Hence, the scriptures prove that the Holy Spirit of the only true God the Father also became a man within the Hebrew virgin. For 2 Peter 1:21 says the Holy Spirit was in the prophets but 1 Peter 1:11 identifies that Spirit as “the Spirit of Christ” “in them” (in the prophets).

2 PETER 1:21 AN 1 PETER 1:11 IS ALSO PROBLEMATIC FOR ARIANS AND TRINITARIANS:

1 Peter 1:11 which identifies the Holy Spirit as the same Spirit who became Christ presents a major problem for Socinians who deny that Christ existed as the Holy Spirit before his birth.

The Arian view also contradicts 1 Peter 1:11 because Arians such as Jehovah’s Witnesses do not believe that a pre-incarnate Christ existed as the Holy Spirit who indwelt the Hebrew prophets.

In like manner, Trinitarians also cannot explain why 2 Peter 1:21 speaks of the Holy Spirit indwelling the prophets while 1 Peter 1:11 identifies that Spirit as “the Spirit of Christ.” If Christ is not the Holy Spirit who became incarnate as the Christ child then were there two Divine Spirits residing within the prophets? If so, then Trinitarians are admitting that Christ which means the “Anointed One,” actually pre-existed his virgin conception as a timeless and coequal God the “Anointed One.” But how can an “Anointed One” have been timelessly anointed by his God while being a truly coequal God Person? For the God who anoints is greater than he who is anointed by his God; which completely demolishes the Trinitarian idea of the alleged coequality of a God the Christ Person.

1 Corinthians 10:9 then goes on to state, "We should not test Christ (the Greek text says "Christos"), as some of them did and were killed by snakes." Inspired scripture says that some of the Israelites did "test Christ." For the words, "as some of them DID" could not somehow be interpreted to mean that some of them did not "test Christ." For it is impossible for the Israelites to have tested Christ if Christ did not pre-exist as the Holy Spirit of the only true God who "followed them" (the Israelite fathers) in the wilderness. Since the Israelites could not have tested the rock at Horeb or the serpent on the pole, nor merely a pre-incarnate plan or type of Christ, Socinian Unitarian theology is completely untenable. For the Israelites did in fact “test Christ” because Christ pre-existed as the Eternal Spirit of God who followed the Israelites in the wilderness before also becoming a true man to save us.

God The Rock

1 Corinthians 10:4 clearly identifies Christ as that “Spiritual Rock” who “followed” the Israelites in the wilderness. Since our Heavenly Father alone is repeatedly spoken of in scripture as being the Israelites Rock, it makes no sense to believe that a human or angelic creation could have ever held the position as the Israelites Rock. In fact, no Arian or Unitarian Socinian has ever been able to present a single scripture to show that the Israelites Rock was ever an angelic or human creation.

Psalm 18:2 says, “The LORD [Yahweh] is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.” Deuteronomy 32:18 says, “You neglected the Rock who begot you, and forgot the God who gave you birth.” Psalm 18:31 says, “For who is God, but the LORD [Yahweh]? And who is a rock, except our God …? The words, “who is God, but Yahweh and who is a rock, except our God” leaves out the possibility that an angelic or human creation could ever have been the Israelites Rock.

Psalm 18:46 says, “The LORD [Yahweh] lives, and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of my salvation …” Psalm 19:14 says, “Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart Be acceptable in Your sight, O LORD [Yahweh], my rock and my Redeemer.” Psalm 28:1 says, “To You, O LORD [Yahweh], I call; My rock …” Since only the LORD (Yahweh) Himself is repeatedly addressed as the Israelites Rock (“my rock” and “our rock”) in the Hebrew Bible, we know that the apostle Paul clearly identifies Jesus as being that Yahweh God our Rock before also becoming a human child born and son given in order to save His people.

YAHWEH ALONE IS CALLED THE ISRAELITES ROCK WHICH IS PROBLEMATIC FOR ARIANISM:

Those who believe that Jesus pre-existed his birth as an angelic creation also cannot explain why Yahweh God alone is called the Israelites Rock in the Hebrew Scriptures but it is not problematic for Trinitarianism or Oneness.

However, Trinitarians cannot explain how a pre-incarnate “Christ” (Christ means “Anointed One”) in 1 Corinthians 10:9 ("We should not test Christ (the Greek text says "Christos"), as some of them did and were killed by snakes"- 1 Cor. 10:9) could have been timelessly anointed by his God while being truly coequal.

When the apostle identified Christ as the Spiritual Rock who followed the Israelites in the wilderness, he proved that Jesus Christ pre-existed his virgin conception and birth as the Spirit of our Heavenly Father. Jesus clearly pre-existed his birth as God "the Spiritual Rock that FOLLOWED THEM" (1 Cor. 10:4) before also becoming a son. Since the literal rock at Horeb did not "follow them" (the Israelites), nor supply spiritual drink ("they drank from that spiritual rock that followed them and that rock was Christ"- 1 Cor. 10:4), we know that Jesus pre-existed his birth as a child born and son given as the Spirit of the “Mighty God” and “Everlasting Father” (Isaiah 9:6- “Unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given … and his name shall be called … the Mighty God and the Everlasting Father”). Thus, the One who followed the Israelites in the wilderness is the same Divine Identity as the One who became the “Christ" child. Therefore we know that the Spiritual Rock that followed the Israelites "was Christ" (1 Cor. 10:4- “that Rock was Christ”; 1 Cor. 10:9- "We should not test Christ [the Greek text says "Christos" which means “Christ”], as some of them did”) as God before also becoming a human son.

Unitarian Socinians Agree With Oneness Theology In Hebrews 1:1-2

Hebrews 1:1-2 says that God did not speak to the Israelites through "a son" until these "last days" (Heb. 1:2- “God … has in these last days spoken to us by His Son”). Hence, the Son as a Son did not speak in the Hebrew Scriptures because the Son as a Son could not speak before becoming the child that was born and the son that was given at a future point in time (Isaiah 9:6- “Unto us a child is born, and unto us a son is given … and his name shall be called … the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the prince of peace.”) via virgin conception and birth. Therefore the weight of the scriptural evidence proves that “the man Christ Jesus” (1 Tim. 2:5) who was born at Bethlehem is both a true human child born and son given with a beginning (Isaiah 9:6; Hebrews 1:5; 2 Samuel 7:14- “I will be to him a Father and he WILL BE TO ME A SON”; Psalm 2:7- “You are My Son THIS DAY HAVE I GIVEN BIRTH TO YOU”) by his virgin begetting and “the Mighty God” and “the Everlasting Father” with no beginning or begetting (“You are not yet fifty years old and have you seen Abraham? Jesus said, truly I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”- John 8:58; “Say to the children of Israel, I AM has sent me to you”- Exodus 3:14).

HEBREWS 1:1-2 IS PROBLEMATIC FOR ARIANS AND TRINITARIANS WHO BELIEVE THAT JESUS PRE-EXISTED AS A SON​

Many Arians and Semi-Arians insist that Jesus pre-existed his birth as an angelic son which is clearly refuted by Hebrews 1:1-2 because God did not speak to us by a son until these last days.

In like manner, Hebrews 1:1-2 demolishes the Trinitarian position because God did not speak to us through a son until these last days.

No Man or Angel can do the Works of the Father and be Honored as the Father

Those who deny Christ’s true identity as the timeless God who also became a man cannot explain how Jesus can be like God in displaying the works of God (“If I do not do the works of my Father, believe me not, but if I do them, believe me for the works sake…”- John 10:37) and being honored as God while not being that God (“…all men should honor the Son even as they honor the Father”- John 5:23)? Nor can Unitarian Socinians explain how the Holy “Spirit of God … is the operational presence of God” Who is “Jesus” “in the New Testament.”

Socinian author and apologist Dr. Anthony Buzzard wrote, “It is completely misleading to read into the Bible a third Person, the Holy Spirit. The spirit of Elijah (Luke 1:17) is not a different person from Elijah. Nor is the Spirit of God a different person from the Father. The Holy Spirit is the operational presence of God, His mind and character. It is God (and in the New Testament Jesus).” (Jesus Was Not a Trinitarian” – Anthony Buzzard (pages 360 – 361)

How can Dr. Buzzard affirm that “the Spirit of God” is “the operational presence of God,” who is not “a different person from the Father,” but is actually the same “operational presence of God” as “Jesus” “in the New Testament” without believing that Jesus Christ is God incarnate as a true man? Unitarian Socinians are supposed to believe that Jesus is just a special man. Yet how could a special man be the indwelling Spirit abiding in true Christians without being God? For who else but God alone can be omnipresent to fill all true New Testament believers with his Spirit all around the globe at the selfsame time?

JOHN 10:37 AND JOHN 5:23 IS PROBLEMATIC FOR ARIANISM

How could Jesus as a created angel do the works of God the Father and be honored “even as” “the Father” (“If I do not do the works of my Father, believe me not, but if I do them, believe me for the works sake…”- John 10:37; “…all men should honor the Son even as they honor the Father”- John 5:23) without violating Isaiah 46:9 (“there is none like Me”) and Isaiah 42:8 (“I am Yahweh, that is My Name and My glory will I not give to another”)? Since God said that “there is none like Me,” it is impossible for a created angel to do the works of God the Father.

John 10:37 is also problematic for Trinitarian theology because an alleged coequal God the Son Person should be able to do His own works rather than just the works of God the Father.

At about seventeen minutes into a 21st Century Reformation Video entitled, “Christ Is The Spirit,” Unitarian Socinian apologist Dan Gill cited Romans 8:9-10 which reads:

“However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness.”

Then at approximately eighteen minutes and forty seconds into video entitled, “Christ Is The Spirit,” Mr. Gill made the following comment to Unitarian Socinian apologist Anthony Buzzard,

"The Spirit of Christ is what we are talking about here (Romans 8:9-10), him in presence, him working among his people" (21st Century Reformation YouTube Video, 18:40, Christ Is The Spirit, Romans 8, J. Dan Gill & Anthony Buzzard - https://youtu.be/iyrT5x88GRiw).

At approximately eighteen minutes and forty eight seconds into the same video, Dr. Buzzard responded to Mr. Gill saying, "So the phrase, 'Spirit of Jesus' in Acts 16:7 is very important (After the Holy Spirit prevented them from speaking the word in the province of Asia, they traveled through the region of Phrygia and Galatia. 7 And when they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus would not permit them...”- Acts 16:6-7). 'The Lord is the Spirit.’ Now that deserves wide press in 2 Cor. 3:17 and 'where the Spirit of the Lord is there is freedom;' so you don’t want to mess with that at all and substitute another person" (Cited from a 21st Century Reformation YouTube Video, 18:48, Christ Is The Spirit, Romans 8, J. Dan Gill & Anthony Buzzard - https://youtu.be/iyrT5x8GRiw).

Then at 19:30 into the same video, Mr. Gill acknowledges that Jesus is the indwelling Spirit by citing John 14:23 which reads, “…we will make our abode in him.” Then at 19:39 Dr. Buzzard responded in the affirmative by acknowledging that Jesus “takes up residence” in New Testament believers as the “life giving Spirit” in 1 Corinthians 15:45. Then at 19:51 Dr. Buzzard said, “We don’t want to mess with this do we, or we are really going to ruin the whole faith?”

Since the new 21st Century reformation apologists have admitted in their lectures and literature that Jesus Christ is the indwelling Holy Spirit of God “in the New Testament” they now have to explain how a mere man can now "fill all things" (Ephesians 4:10 – “He who descended [Jesus] is the same also that ascended far above all the heavens that he might “fill all things”) as the Holy Spirit of the Father (“One Lord … One Spirit … One God and Father who is above all, through all, and in you all”- Ephesians 4:5-6) without violating Isaiah 42:8 and Isaiah 46:9 ("I am Yahweh, that is My Name, and My glory will I not give to another”- Isaiah 42:8; "I am God and there is none else, I am God and there is NONE LIKE ME”- Isaiah 46:9). How can Jesus be like God in being the omnipresent Spirit who “fills all things” (Ephesians 4:10; Gal. 4:6, Romans 8:9) and who hears and answers prayer (John 14:13-14 – “If you shall ask anything in my name, I will do it”) if he is only a mere man?

THE LORD JESUS AS THE SPIRIT IS PROBLEMATIC FOR SOCINIANISM, ARIANISM, AND TRINITARIANISM

According to scripture, our only true God is our Heavenly Father who said, “I am God and there is none else, I am God and THERE IS NONE LIKE ME (Isaiah 46:9).” Since angels and men cannot fill the heavens and the earth like God (“Do not I fill the heavens and the earth? Says Yahweh”- Jeremiah 23:24; “The LORD asked Satan, "Where have you come from?" In response, Satan answered the LORD, ‘From wandering all over the earth and walking back and forth throughout it.’ – Job 1:7; “He seized the dragon, the ancient serpent who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. And he threw him into the Abyss, shut it, and sealed it over him, so that he could not deceive the nations until the thousand years were complete. After that, he must be released for a brief period of time.” - Rev. 20:2-3), the man Christ Jesus must be identified as “the Mighty God” and “the Everlasting Father” who has come to “save His people from their sins” (Matthew 1:21) as a man in the flesh. Since Socinians believe that Jesus is just a special man, and since Arians believe that Jesus is a special archangel, it is unscriptural to believe that a created man or angel could ever “fill the heavens and the earth” to hear and answer prayers like God.

While Trinitarians believe that an alleged coequal God the Son can be omnipresent, Trinitarians cannot explain why the scriptures identify the Lord Jesus as the Holy Spirit of truth in such passages as Romans 8:9, 26, 27, 34; 2 Cor. 3:17, John 14:16-18, and John 14:26. Since 2 Corinthians 3:17 affirms that “the Lord IS THE SPIRIT,” the doctrine of an alleged coequally distinct third God the Spirit Person, who they affirm is not the Father and not the Son, is completely untenable.

John 5:23 says that all men should “honor the Son EVEN AS THEY HONOR THE FATHER.” If Jesus is just a man with no pre-existence as God, how can we honor the Son “even as” we “honor the Father” without committing idolatry? John 10:37 clearly affirms that Jesus does the works of the Father (“If I do not do the works of my Father believe me not, but if I do them, believe me for the works sake …”- John 10:37). No human apostle or prophet ever said that he did “the works” of God the Father such as “baptizing” and “sending” the Holy Spirit of the Father (Mark 1:8 - “He shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit”; Luke 24:49 – “I send the promise of my Father”) and raising his own body from the dead (“destroy this temple and in three days I WILL RAISE IT UP, but he spoke of the temple of his body”- John 2:19). No mere human apostle or prophet can raise his own body from the dead after he already died. Since our Heavenly Father said, “there is none like Me” (Isaiah 46:9),” He must be that God who came to save us as a true man who the prophet Isaiah identified as “Immanuel” which being interpreted means, “God with us.” For only our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is identified by the scriptures as “God” who “was manifested in the flesh” (1 Tim. 3:16) as a human “child born” and “son given” (Isaiah 9:6).

Jesus Is Our Lord And Our God

The apostle Thomas addressed the risen Christ as “my Lord and my God” in John 20:28. The text even states that “Thomas said to him (Jesus), my Lord and my God.” Thomas was not addressing God in heaven as “my Lord and my God” as he clearly “said to him (Jesus),” “my Lord and my God” (The Greek text literally states “the Lord of me and the God of me”). In like manner, the apostle Philip asked Jesus on the behalf of the twelve, to “show us the Father” in John 14:8-9.

“Philip said to Him, ‘Lord, show us the Father, and that will be enough for us.’ Jesus replied, ‘Philip, I have been with you all this time, and still you do not know Me? Anyone who has seen Me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’ (John 14:7-9 BSB)?”

It would be quite strange for Jesus to answer Philip’s inquiry, “Lord, show us the Father” with the words, “Philip, I have been with you all this time, and still you do not KNOW ME? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father” if the true identity of Jesus was not God the Father with us as a true man. Just as Jesus had plainly declared to his disciples that he himself is the image of the Father’s Divine Person in the flesh as a human person (“the image of the invisible God”- Col. 1:15; “the express image of His Person” [the Father’s Person who became a human person]- Heb. 1:3), so Thomas had to have addressed Jesus as the same Divine Identity as “the Father” when he addressed Jesus by saying, “my Lord and my God” in John 20:28. This is the only viable exegesis of Thomas’ words in John 20:28 because Jesus had previously declared his true identity as the Father incarnate just six chapters earlier in John 14:7-9.

JOHN 20:28 PROVES JESUS IS GOD BUT JOHN 14:7-9 PROVES JESUS IS THE FATHER

Socinians and Arians often try to evade the weight of the evidence in John 20:28 by alleging that Jesus is a Lord and a god but not the true God. However, when we compare John 20:28 with John 14:7-9 - we find that Jesus had already informed his disciples that he was God the Father with them as a visible man in the flesh. This would explain why Thomas said to Jesus, “My Lord and my God” after seeing Jesus after his bodily resurrection.

In like manner, Trinitarians cannot explain John 14:7-9 because Jesus should have said that to see him was to see an alleged God the Son.

Jesus Is The Arm of Yahweh God Himself Revealed

If Jesus is not "the arm of YAHWEH” Himself “revealed" (Isaiah 53:1) then why would Yahweh state in Isaiah 42:8, "I AM YAHWEH that is My Name, AND MY GLORY WILL I NOT GIVE TO ANOTHER?" How exactly could Jesus be "APPOINTED HEIR OF ALL THINGS" (Hebrews 1:2 YLT- “in these last days did speak to us in a Son, whom HE APPOINTED HEIR OF ALL THINGS”; Heb. 2:7- “You have crowned him with glory and honor, and have APPOINTED HIM OVER THE WORKS OF YOUR HANDS”) belonging to God the Father if he is JUST A MAN? And how is it that we are to "HONOR THE SON EVEN AS" we "HONOR THE FATHER (John 5:23)?" If Jesus is not the true identity of God Himself with us as a man, then how can a mere man be honored even as we honor the Father without committing idolatry? For no one but God alone could say, "If you shall ask anything in my name I WILL DO IT (John 14:13-14)?" All those who deny the divinity of Jesus Christ cannot explain how Jesus can hear and answer prayers without being the omnipresent God.

Those who deny the full divinity of Jesus have to commit plain eisegesis by twisting so many passages of scripture which clearly prove that Jesus is the manifestation or extension of the Father who became a man to save His people from their sins. No one but God alone is omnipresent (Ephesians 4:10; John 14:14) to hear and answer prayers, and to dwell in the hearts of all true Christians all over the world at once (Romans 8:9; John 14:18; Col. 1:27). Isaiah 52:10 proves that the Son is the extension of God the Father's own Spiritual Arm via his supernatural conception in the virgin. "Yahweh will lay bare His holy arm in the sight of all the nations and all flesh will see the salvation of God." Since God speaks anthropomorphically about the Messiah being His own Spiritual Arm, Jesus must be the full manifestation of "God with us" as a man (Matthew 1:20-23 / Isaiah 9:6 / 1 Tim. 3:16 / John 1:14 / Luke 1:35 / Colossians 2:9 / Hebrews 2:14-17).

After carefully examining all of this scriptural evidence, it is hard to imagine how anyone could say that Jesus is just a man. The evidence overwhelmingly supports Jesus being the only Creator (Heb. 3:3-4 / Heb. 1:10), the indwelling Spirit (John 14:17-18 / 2 Cor. 3:17 / Rom. 8:9), and the only one who had no beginning as Yahweh before he became the Son (John 8:58; Luke 1:35). For it is impossible for Jesus to be just a man, while he claimed to have lived before Abraham in John 8:58? When Jesus said, "Before Abraham was I AM (John 8:58)," he was using the same words as the God of Israel in Exodus 3:14-15. God said to Moses, "... I AM THAT I AM, say to the children of Israel, I AM has sent me to you."

Oneness believers understand that the human spirit of Christ was miraculously fashioned in the virgin along with his human body via the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:35; Matthew 1:20; John 6:38) who came down from heaven to become “fully human in every way” (Heb. 2:14, 17). That was when the Son had a beginning and a begetting. Yet He who became the Son has always existed as "the Mighty God" and "Eternal Father (Isaiah 9:6)." This explains why Jesus claimed to have lived before Abraham when he spoke to the Pharisees, saying, “‘Your father Abraham was overjoyed to see My day. He saw it and was glad.’ Then the Jews said to Him, ‘You are not yet fifty years old, and You have seen Abraham?’ ‘Truly, truly, I tell you,’ Jesus declared, ‘before Abraham was born, I am (John 8:56-58)!’”

Scriptures Proving the Deity of Jesus also Refutes Arianism

Jesus is clearly “the arm of Yahweh” Himself revealed (Isaiah 53:1). Just as a man’s own arm cannot be a completely different individual from himself, so Jesus as “the arm of Yahweh” proves that Jesus is the extension of the Father’s Essence of Being who became a complete human being in order to save us (The Son is “the brightness of his glory [the Father’s] and the express image [copy/reproduction] of his person [The Father’s ‘Essence of Being’ or ‘Person’]” – Heb. 1:3). Since the man Christ Jesus is “appointed” to rule over the works of the Father’s hands (Heb. 2:7; Psalm 8:5-6), he shall inherit all things belonging to the Father (in his humanity). In like manner, all of humanity is commanded to honor the Son even as they honor the Father (John 5:23). Therefore, it is unscriptural to assert that Jesus could be a different individual beside Yahweh Himself without violating Exodus 20:3-5 ("You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God”), Isaiah 42:8 (“I will not give my glory to another”), and Isaiah 46:9 (“there is none like Me”). Although Arianism believes that Jesus pre-existed his birth as an angel, no angelic creation could ever say, “before Abraham was I AM” - because only the Most High God has always eternally existed as the Great “I AM” of Exodus 3:14.

Jesus Created All Things As God Before Becoming a Human Son

When we read the entire context of Hebrews 1:8-12, we find that verse 10 identifies the one who became the son as "Yahweh" who created the heavens and the earth. Hebrews 3:3-4 clearly proves that Jesus created all things as God before also becoming a son. “For this man has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses inasmuch as he who built the house has more honor than the house. For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God.” Jesus has more glory than Moses because “He built all things as God” before becoming a son.

Isaiah 44:24 proves that Yahweh created all things all by Himself, "I am Yahweh, who made all things, who stretched out the heavens ALONE, Who spread out the earth by MYSELF." Malachi 2:10 identifies Yahweh our Creator as the Father, "Have we not ONE FATHER, has not ONE GOD CREATED US?" Isaiah 64:8 also identifies Yahweh our Creator as the Father, "YOU ARE OUR FATHER; we are the clay, and You are our potter; we all are the work of YOUR HANDS.”

In like manner, the New Testament cites the Old Testament to prove that Jesus is the appointed ruler who will execute dominion over the works of the Father’s hands.

“What is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him? Yet you have made him a little lower than the heavenly beings (the angels) and crowned him with glory and honour. You have given him dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet…” Psalm 8:4-6 (ESV)

“WHAT IS MAN, THAT YOU REMEMBER HIM? OR THE SON OF MAN, THAT YOU ARE CONCERNED ABOUT HIM? YOU HAVE MADE HIM FOR A LITTLE WHILE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS; YOU HAVE CROWNED HIM WITH GLORY AND HONOR, AND HAVE APPOINTED HIM OVER THE WORKS OF YOUR HANDS. YOU HAVE PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET. For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him. But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus …” Hebrews 2:6-9 (NASB)

ARIANISM AND TRINITARIANISM ALLEGES THAT THE FATHER USED JESUS AS AN AGENT IN CREATION

Isaiah 44:24 completely annihilates the Arian and Trinitarian idea that the Father used Jesus as an agent in creation. For Isaiah 44:24 clearly states that God the Father created all things “alone” and all by “Himself.” When we compare Isaiah 44:24 with Malachi 2:10, Isaiah 64:8, Psalm 8:5-6, and Hebrews 2:7, we find that the Father alone created all things and that the Son is the man who has been appointed by God the Father “to rule over the works of His Hands (Heb. 2:7; Psalm 8:5-6).” Hebrews 1:8-12 and Hebrews 3:3-4 only prove that Jesus created all things as Yahweh God before he also became a man (a Son).

The Indwelling Holy Spirit Is The Spirit of Christ

2 Cor. 3:17 says, "THE LORD is THE SPIRIT and where the Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty." But just six verses down Paul identifies who the Lord is, "We preach not ourselves BUT CHRIST JESUS THE LORD." Since Christ Jesus is "the Lord", we know that the Lord Jesus is "the Spirit." If Jesus the Christ child is just a man, why did Paul write, "I am crucified with Christ, nevertheless I live; yet not I, BUT CHRIST LIVES IN ME (Gal. 2:20)?" How can a mere man live in Paul and the rest of the New Testament believers all at once without also being God Almighty?

John 14:26 says that the Holy Spirit is "the paraclete (advocate / intercessor), but John 14:16-18 identifies Jesus as the paraclete (advocate and intercessor) who is "the Spirit of truth" who was with the disciples but would be in the disciples when he said, "I will not leave you as orphans, I WILL COME TO YOU." How could the Holy Spirit "advocate" and "intercede" for us while most Unitarian Socinians believe that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father? Can the Holy Spirit of the Father as the Father intercede to Himself? The only viable way that the Holy Spirit can be said to intercede to the Father is if the Holy Spirit of the Father was also reproduced as a copy of the Father’s Divine Person who also became a fully complete human person via his virgin conception (Heb. 1:3; Matthew 1:18-23; Heb. 2:14-17). In like manner, if Jesus is just a mere man, how can Unitarian Socinians explain how "the Holy Spirit" as "the Spirit of Jesus" did not permit Paul and Silas to minister in Asia (modern Turkey) before going into Macedonia? Acts 16:6-7 says, "After THE HOLY SPIRIT PREVENTED THEM from speaking the word in the province of Asia, they traveled through the region of Phrygia and Galatia. And when they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but THE SPIRIT OF JESUS WOULD NOT PERMIT THEM." How could “the Spirit of Jesus” be just a special man while being addressed as “the Holy Spirit” who led and guided the apostles on their missionary journeys?

The Holy Spirit is called "the Paracletos" in the singular in John 14:26 (But the Advocate [Paracletos], the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you”- John 14:26 NIV) while Jesus is called the same Paracletos in the singular in 1 John 2:1 (“we have an advocate [Paracletos] with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous”- 1 John 2:1) and in John 14:16-18 (“And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Advocate [Paracletos] to be with you forever— the Spirit of truth. The world cannot receive Him, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him. But you do know Him, for He abides with you and He will be in you. I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you”- John 14:16-18 BSB). Interestingly, the word “Paracletos” in the singular is always used for Jesus and the Holy Spirit rather than “Paracletoi” which is the plural form of Paracletos. Thus, we know that there can only be One Paracletos who is "the Spirit" who abides in all true Spirit filled Christians as One Singular Individual. "But you are not in the flesh but in THE SPIRIT, if so be that THE SPIRIT OF GOD dwells in you. But if any man have not THE SPIRIT OF CHRIST, he is none of His" (Romans 8:9). Notice that Paul wrote of “THE Spirit of God” interchangeably as “THE Spirit of Christ.”

Do Unitarian Socinian adherents believe that a mere man could be the indwelling Spirit within New Testament believers? What Bible text says that any created being could “fill all things” (Ephesians 4:10- “he … ascended far above all the heavens so that he MIGHT FILL ALL THINGS”) other than God Himself? I ask our One God Reformation friends to please explain how the Holy Spirit could only be the Spirit of the Father, while Romans 8:26-27 says that the Holy Spirit "makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God (Rom. 8:26-27)?" How can the Holy Spirit of God make intercession to God if the Holy Spirit is only the Spirit of God the Father? The only scriptural understanding that brings harmony to all of the scriptures is that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father who also became a man in the incarnation as the Spirit of “the man Christ Jesus” (1 Tim. 2:5) who now intercedes for the saints according to the will of God as the indwelling Paracletos (Advocate/Intercessor).

The scriptures prove that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father outside of the incarnation (God as God), while the Holy Spirit is also the same Spirit who became the man Christ Jesus inside the incarnation via the virgin (as God with us as man - Matt. 1:20; Heb. 1:3). Sir Anthony Buzzard and his Socinian Unitarian colleagues actually agree with Oneness Theology in that the indwelling Holy Spirit is the Lord Jesus Christ. Anthony Buzzard wrote, “… the Holy Spirit is not a person, existing independently of God; it is a way of speaking about God’s personally acting in history, or of the risen Christ’s personally acting in the life and witness of the Church” (The Doctrine of the Trinity: Christianity’s Self Inflicted Wound - Atlanta Bible College and Restoration Fellowship, Morrow GA, 1994, page 102, Dr. Anthony Buzzard).

How can the only true God say, “I am God and there is none else, I am God and THERE IS NONE LIKE ME” (Isaiah 46:9), while the risen Christ is identified as the same Holy Spirit of God the Father acting and moving in the life and witness of the Church? The Holy Spirit cannot be a title for both “God” and “the risen Christ” because “there is none like” God (Isaiah 46:9). How can the Holy Spirit of God be God and Christ “personally acting in history, or … in the life and witness of the Church” unless “the Spirit of God” is the same “Spirit of Christ” (Romans 8:9 says, “… if so be that the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his”)?

It is unscriptural to allege that the Holy Spirit of God is an impersonal active force rather than the living Holy Spirit of our Heavenly Father. For it is impossible for an alleged non-living active force to speak to God’s church: “… the Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them’” (Acts 13:2 BSB). The Holy Spirit could not be an impersonal active force of God since the indwelling Holy Spirit actually speaks (“the Holy Spirit said,”- Acts 13:2). 2 Corinthians 3:17 clearly states, “the Lord is the Spirit.” Since Jesus is the Lord, he must be the Spirit who speaks to his church.

The following quote is from Anthony Buzzard’s book entitled, “Jesus Was Not a Trinitarian” (pages 360 – 361). “It is completely misleading to read into the Bible a third Person, the Holy Spirit. The spirit of Elijah (Luke 1:17) is not a different person from Elijah. Nor is the Spirit of God a different person from the Father. The Holy Spirit is the operational presence of God, His mind and character. It is God (and in the New Testament Jesus) impacting the creation with His creative influence.”

Unitarian Socinian apologist, Sir Anthony Buzzard clearly admitted that the Holy Spirit is not “a different person from the Father” as the Spirit of God “is the operational presence of God” being “His mind and character.” Then Sir Anthony admitted that the Holy Spirit “is God” “and in the New Testament” is “Jesus.” These words are in perfect agreement with the theology of Oneness Pentecostals. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God in action who also became Jesus Christ in the New Testament through the Hebrew virgin.

Sir Anthony Buzzard has affirmed in his lectures and writings that John 14:16-18 is Jesus who is the Paracletos as the indwelling Holy Spirit. Therefore, “The Spirit of Jesus is the Holy Spirit” in John 14:26. Socinian Unitarians are so busy trying to disprove the alleged third God the Holy Spirit Person of Trinitarianism that they have refuted their own position by agreeing with Oneness Theology. For if Jesus Christ is the indwelling Holy Spirit then Jesus must be the Holy Spirit of the Father incarnate as a true man.

Sir Anthony Buzzard has clearly admitted the “… the Holy Spirit is not a person, existing independently of God; it is a way of speaking about God’s personally acting in history, or of the risen Christ’s personally acting in the life and witness of the Church” (The Doctrine of the Trinity: Christianity’s Self Inflicted Wound; Atlanta Bible College and Restoration Fellowship, Morrow GA, 1994, page 102). By admitting that the Holy Spirit is God “personally acting” and “of the risen Christ personally acting,” in the New Testament Church, Sir Anthony Buzzard has confessed the scriptural tenets of Oneness Theology. Since no verse in the Bible ever says that a created angel or human person can exist in more than one place at once, Jesus Christ must be “God with us” as a true man who partakes of the attributes of the only true God the Father Himself. Jeremiah 23:24 says that God’s Spirit fills the heavens and the earth. “Do not I fill heaven and earth says the LORD?” Since Jesus also now “fills all things (Ephes. 4:10)”, he must be Immanuel “God with us” as a true man. For Isaiah 46:9 says, “I AM GOD AND THERE IS NONE ELSE, I AM GOD AND THERE IS NONE LIKE ME.”

If Jesus is just a mere mortal man with no existence as God then how can Jesus be omnipresent as the indwelling Holy Spirit who hears and answers our prayers (“if you shall ask anything in my name I will do it” – John 14:14)? For who else but the omnipresent God alone can hear and answer prayers? Isaiah 46:9 says, “I am God and there is none else, I AM GOD AND THERE IS NONE LIKE ME.” How can Jesus be like God as the indwelling Holy Spirit and not be God as a true man?

ARIANISM AND TRINITARIANISM CANNOT EXPLAIN HOW JESUS IS THE HOLY SPIRIT

Arians such as the Jehovah’s Witnesses teach that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal active force. Yet it is impossible for an alleged non-living active force to speak to God’s church: “… the Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them’” (Acts 13:2 BSB). The Holy Spirit could not be an impersonal active force of God since the indwelling Holy Spirit actually speaks (“the Holy Spirit said,”- Acts 13:2). In like manner, the Holy Spirit is called the “Paraclete” as an “Advocate” or “Intercessor” in John 14:26. Can an impersonal force “advocate” and “intercede” for the church while being impersonal? Romans 8:26-27 prove that Jesus is the Spirit who is interceding for the saints according to the will of God (Rom. 8:9, 34).

The Holy Spirit being identified as our “paraclete” in John 14:26 is very problematic for Trinitarian theology as an alleged non-incarnate coequal God the Spirit Person should not be able to Advocate and Intercede to God while remaining coequal.

The Father Is The Holy Spirit

How could Jesus not be “God with us” as a man through virgin conception while the scriptures affirm that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father? In Joel 2:28 God said, “I will pour out MY SPIRIT UPON ALL FLESH,” but Jesus said in Luke 24:49, “I send the promise of MY FATHER upon you …” Since Jesus identified God the Father as the One who said, “I will pour out MY SPIRIT upon all flesh” as “the promise OF THE FATHER,” we know that God the Father promised to pour out His own Holy Spirit upon all flesh in the last days. Therefore the Holy Spirit has to be the Spirit of the Father Himself.

Jesus further stated that THE INDWELLING SPIRIT IS THE FATHER:

"But when they hand you over, do not worry about how or what you are to say; for it will be given you in that hour what you are to say. For IT IS NOT YOU WHO SPEAKS, BUT IT IS THE SPIRIT OF YOUR FATHER WHO SPEAKS IN YOU” (Matthew 10:19-20).

Trinitarians cannot explain why Jesus also said in Mark 13:11 that the indwelling Spirit of the Father is the Holy Spirit. "When they arrest you and hand you over, do not worry beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour; for IT IS NOT YOU WHO SPEAKS, BUT IT IS THE HOLY SPIRIT.”

Notice that both Matthew and Mark record Jesus as saying essentially the same words. The only notable exception is that Matthew recorded Jesus saying, “… it is the Spirit of your Father,” while Mark recorded Jesus saying, “… it is the Holy Spirit” (Mark 13:11).

Interestingly, Jesus also identified Himself as the indwelling Spirit who will speak through his disciples:

“…they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you to the synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for My name’s sake. It will lead to an opportunity for your testimony. So make up your minds not to prepare beforehand to defend yourselves; for I WILL GIVE YOU UTTERANCE AND WISDOM which none of your opponents will be able to resist or refute(Luke 21:12-15).

If Jesus is just a special man as Unitarian Socinians claim, how is it that Jesus could dwell simultaneously in multiple disciples around the world to give them “utterance and wisdom” (“utterance” from Greek “stoma” = “the mouth, speech, eloquence in speech”) as the indwelling Holy Spirit? Since Jesus promised to give his disciples a “mouth” to speak “eloquence in speech,” it is clear that his disciples would not be speaking by their own mouth or utterance in speech.

Jesus affirmed that the works he performed were really performed by God the Father Who dwelt in him, “THE FATHER abiding in Me DOES HIS WORKS(John 14:10). Yet Jesus also identified the Father Who did the mighty works through him as the Holy Spirit of God. For Jesus said in Matthew 12:28, “… it is BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD that I drive out demons.” Since Jesus said that the Father did the works through him in John 14:10, but then identified that Father in him as “the Spirit of God” in Matthew 12:28, the Holy Spirit of God must be the Spirit of God the Father Himself.

Acts 1:2 proves that Jesus, “had by the Holy Spirit, given commandments to his apostles whom he had chosen.” But John 12:49 (BSB) says, "I have not spoken on my own, but the Father who sent me has commanded me what to say…." Acts 1:2 says that the Holy Spirit gave Jesus the commandments, but John 12:49 says that the Father gave Jesus the commandments. This proves that the Holy Spirit is the indwelling Spirit of the Father. Jesus went on to say in John 14:24, “… and THE WORD (logos) which you hear IS NOT MINE, BUT THE FATHER’S who sent me.” Thus inspired scripture proves that the Holy Spirit is the One Spirit of the Father who gave the man Christ Jesus the words and commandments to speak to his apostles.

ARIANS AND TRINITARIANS DO NOT BELIEVE THE THE HOLY SPIRIT IS THE FATHER

Jesus claimed to be the indwelling Spirit when he said, “I WILL GIVE YOU UTTERANCE AND WISDOM which none of your opponents will be able to resist or refute” (Luke 21:12-15) which is problematic for Socinians and Arians.

Most Arians such as Jehovah’s Witnesses cannot affirm that the Holy Spirit is the living Spirit of the Father because they believe that the Holy Spirit is merely an impersonal active force.

Likewise, Trinitarians cannot believe that the Holy Spirit is the Father or they would become Binitarians (a belief in two God Persons) rather than Trinitarians (a belief in three God Persons).

The Holy Spirit of The Father Became The Child Born And Son Given

In Luke 1:35, the angel answered the virgin’s query how she could bear a son without physically knowing a man. The angel said to Mary, "THE HOLY SPIRIT WILL COME UPON YOU, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy child shall be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:35). In like manner, after Joseph found out that his espoused wife was pregnant with a child, the angel said to Joseph, “… do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for the child who has been conceived in her is [EK] OUT OF THE HOLY SPIRIT” (Matthew 1:20). The Christ child was not conceived “OUT OF” an alleged God the Son or “OUT OF” an alleged pre-created angelic being, but “OUT OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.” Hebrews 1:3 clearly proves that the Christ child was “reproduced” or “copied” “OUT OF” the “Essence of Being” of the Spirit of the Father Himself. “Who being the brightness of his glory and the express image (charakter = “reproduction”, “imprinted copy”) of his Person (hypostasis = “substance of Being”).” Since scripture proves that it was the Holy Spirit of God who descended upon the virgin to supernaturally conceive the Christ child, Jesus is the brightness of the Father’s glory and the exact reproduction of the Father’s Person as a fully complete human person reproduced within the virgin.

ONLY ONENESS THEOLOGY AFFIRMS THAT THE HOLY SPIRIT OF THE FATHER BECAME THE SON

When we link Matthew 1:20 with Hebrews 1:3 we find conclusive evidence proving that the Christ child was copied (charakter = “copied” or “reproduced”) out of the Essence of Being (hypostasis = “Substance” or “Essence” of “Being”) of the Father’s Holy Spirit who descended upon the virgin (Matthew 1:18, 20; Luke 1:35) to reproduce a fully complete human being. Hence, Jesus as the child born and son given (Isaiah 9:6) is “the image of the invisible God” as the image of the invisible Father (Col. 1:15) who was manifested in the flesh (1 Tim. 3:16) as a fully complete man (Heb. 2:14-17). Therefore, Socinianism, Arianism, and Trinitarianism is refuted by Matthew 1:20 and Hebrews 1:3 because the man Christ Jesus was “copied” “out of” the Father’s “substance of Being” to be the reproduced copy of the Father’s Being (“hypostasis” Essence of Being or Person) as a human being. When we further link the scriptural evidence with John 8:24, 27, 58; Luke 1:35; John 6:38; and John 20:28, we find that the true identity of Jesus is God the Father’s Holy Spirit who came down from heaven as the Great “I AM” of eternity past! Wherefore, only Oneness Theology brings harmony to all of the scriptural data, while Socinianism, Arianism, and Trinitarianism are untenable.

The Holy Spirit Is The Paracletos (Advocate / Intercessor)

"But the Advocate (Paraclete – “Advocate/Intercessor”), THE HOLY SPIRIT, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you” (John 14:26).

God as God cannot advocate or intercede to God because God is the Supreme Deity. Yet God as man can intercede to God, as the totality of the scriptural evidence proves that the Holy Spirit of “God” came down from heaven (“I came down from heaven” – John 6:38) to become a man (“who was made fully human in every way” – Heb. 2:17 NIV). For God Himself “was manifested in the flesh” (“God was manifested in the flesh, justified by the Spirit” - 1 Tim. 3:16) by means of His own word (“And the word was made flesh and dwelt among us” – John 1:14) and by His own Holy Spirit who entered the Hebrew virgin (“the child who has been conceived in her is out of the Holy Spirit”- Matthew 1:20). Therefore, the Holy Spirit is the Spirit who became man as our Paraclete (“advocate” / “intercessor”) in order to advocate and intercede to the Father (Rom. 8:26-27; Rom. 8:34).

Jesus Is The Holy Spirit As The Paracletos (“Advocate / Intercessor”)

“I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Advocate (Paracletos “Advocate/Intercessor”), that He may be with you forever; that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you. I will not leave you as orphans; I WILL COME TO YOU (John 14:16-18) …”

The Greek word “allos” simply means “another.” Jesus did not say, “another person” beside himself, he simply said “another” which likely means “another manifestation” of himself because the context proves that he was already known as the one who was with the disciples in the flesh (“you know him because he abides with you and will be in you” – John 14:17), but would later be in them as the indwelling Spirit. The context of John 14:16-18 leaves no room to doubt that the one who was abiding with the disciples (“He abides with you”- John 14:17) would later be “in” them (“and will be in you”- John 14:17). Then Jesus plainly declared that he is that “Spirit of truth” (John 14:17; “the Lord is the Spirit” – 2 Cor. 3:17) when he said, “I will not leave you as orphans, I WILL COME TO YOU (John 14:18).” Therefore, the context of John 14:16-18 unequivocally proves that Jesus was known as the same individual who abode with the disciples in the flesh but would later be in the disciples as the indwelling “Spirit of truth” (“allos” can mean “another way” Matt. 2:12; “another parable” Matt. 13:24, “another temple” Mark 14:58, “another boat” John 6:22, “other signs” John 20:30, “other things” John 21:25, “another glory” 1 Cor. 15:41, “another day” Heb. 4:8, “another oath” James 5:12, “another burden” Rev. 2:24, “another sign” Rev. 12:3, “another voice” Rev. 18:4 or another anything such as another “manifestation”).

Since John 14:26 affirms that “the Holy Spirit” is the “paracletos” (advocate / intercessor) while John 14:16 and 1 John 2:1 identify Jesus as the “paracletos” (advocate / intercessor), Jesus must be the indwelling Holy Spirit of God Himself who also became a man in the virgin.

“… we have an Advocate (Paraclete) with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous” (1 John 2:1).

“But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God (Holy Spirit) dwells in you. Now if any man have not THE SPIRIT OF CHRIST, he is none of His” (Romans 8:9).

Romans 8:26-27 goes on to state that the indwelling Holy Spirit of God is the Spirit of Christ who makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God.

“In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know how we ought to pray, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groans too deep for words. And He who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God” (Rom. 8:26-27).

Notice that the text states that “the Spirit HIMSELF intercedes for us.” Hence, the indwelling Spirit is clearly personal rather than an impersonal force. Romans 8:34 goes on to say that it is Christ Jesus who intercedes for us. “Who is there to condemn us? For Christ Jesus, who died, and more than that was raised to life, is at the right hand of God — and He is interceding for us.” The indwelling Spirit of God who “intercedes for us” is identified as “the Spirit of Christ” (Rom. 8:9) and “Christ Jesus” (Romans 8:34) which explains why the Spirit can intercede for us as our Paracletos (advocate and intercessor) to the Father.

Sir Anthony Buzzard and his Socinian Unitarian colleagues have taught that “the Holy Spirit” is not “a different person from the Father” but “it is a way of speaking about God personally acting in history, or of the risen Christ’s personally acting in the life and witness of the Church” (The Doctrine of the Trinity: Christianity’s Self Inflicted Wound; Atlanta Bible College and Restoration Fellowship, Morrow GA, 1994, page 102). Sir Anthony Buzzard actually admitted that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father “personally acting in history” and that this same Holy Spirit is also the Spirit “of the risen Christ personally acting.” Therefore the Holy Spirit must be the Personal Spirit of the Father who also later became the Christ child through the Hebrew virgin (Matthew 1:18-23; Heb. 1:3; Luke 1:35).

Since an impersonal power called the Holy Spirit or Christ cannot be said to “intercede for the saints according to the will of God” in Romans 8:27 without being Personal, “the Spirit of Christ” must be the Personal “Spirit of God” indwelling New Testament believers. Hence, we know that “the Spirit of God” also became a true man through the Hebrew virgin (Luke 1:35, Matthew 1:20-23; Heb. 1:3; Heb. 2:14-17) which explains why the Holy Spirit as the Son can “intercede to God” and be our “paracletos” (John 14:26; John 14:16; 1 John 2:1) as our advocate, intercessor, and mediator to God. Wherefore, only Oneness Theology brings harmony to all of the scriptural data. For no one can know Jesus' true identity as "LORD but BY THE HOLY SPIRIT” (1 Cor. 12:3).

ONLY ONENESS THEOLOGY CAN EXPLAIN HOW THE HOLY SPIRIT AS JESUS IS OUR PARACLETE

Socinians, Arians, and Trinitarians cannot affirm that the Holy Spirit advocates, intercedes, and mediates for the church to God because Socinians believe that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father as the non-incarnate Spirit of the Father who cannot intercede to Himself (Oneness advocates affirm that Jesus is the Holy Spirit of the Father who became incarnate as a true man who can now pray and intercede).

Most Arians (JW’s) believe that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal active force. How can an active force intercede or advocate for anyone?

Trinitarian theology is supposed to believe that the Holy Spirit is an alleged non-incarnate coequally distinct true God Person who cannot advocate, intercede, or mediate for anyone. Trinitarian theologians cannot explain why Romans 8:26-27 affirms that the Holy Spirit “makes intercession for the saints with groanings too deep for words” because the alleged non-incarnate Holy Spirit is not supposed to be praying, interceding, or mediating for anyone.

Only Oneness Theology can explain this seemingly difficult passage of scripture because Romans 8:9 (“…the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.”) and Romans 8:34 (“For it is Christ Jesus, the one having died, now rather having been raised up, who is also at the right hand of God, and who is interceding for us”- Romans 8:34 BLB) prove that Jesus is the Holy Spirit of God as the One who became incarnate as a man who is now interceding for us.

Part 2: More On Arianism

The Historical Background of Arianism

Most scholars call the belief that Jesus was a created angelic being, “Arianism,” after the theological teachings of the prominent fourth century bishop of Alexandria named Arius. However, the basic tenants of Arianism known by scholars as “Semi-Arianism,” existed among the second largest group of Christians (the Modalistic Monarchians or Oneness Christians were always the largest group of Christians until the late third century while the second largest Christian group was the Semi-Arians: Tertullian, Against Praxeues 3 and Origen’s Commentary on the Gospel of John Book 1, Chapter 23) within the second and third centuries. Many of the early Christian writers such as Athenagoras (130-190), Justin (145-165 AD), Theophilus of Antioch (169-185), Clement of Alexandria (189-215), Hippolytus (199-235), and Tertullian (195-225) held to a very similar doctrine to that of Arius long before Arius was even born. In like manner, many call Oneness Theology, “Sabellianism,” after the theology of the prominent third century Oneness teacher named Sabellius even though the vast majority of the earliest Christians had taught the basic tenants of Sabellianism long before Sabellius was even born. Some prominent examples of early Christian writers who were Modalistic in their theology were Clement of Rome (64-99), Ignatius of Antioch (69-107), Aristides of Athens (95-135), Melito of Sardis (140-180), Noetus of Smyrna (165-200), Praxeus (170-210), Sabellius (186-240), Commodian (250) and all of the prominent bishops of Rome (Eleutherus, Victor, Zephyrinus, Callistus) preceding the time of Novatian (250-258 AD).

Note: Trinitarians often reject the historical evidence proving that the aforementioned Christian writers were Oneness (Modalistic) in their theology and that all of the writers I listed as “Semi-Arians” were not true Trinitarians (according to the later Athanasian Creed). If anyone has any doubts, please read my chapter on church history which clearly documents the historical evidence confirming my above statements.

While the historical evidence proves that Unitarian Socinianism existed within the first few centuries of the Christian era (Some Jewish Ebionites, Paul of Samosata, Theodotus the tanner), only a very small fragment of the professing Christian population believed that Jesus was only a man. However, Arian and Semi-Arian theology was once believed and taught by a huge segment of the professing Christian population within the second and third centuries long before Arius (a 4th century bishop) was born. Trinitarian historians and scholars prefer to use the appellation “Semi-Arianism” to describe the theology of many of the professing Christians of the mid second century all the way to the close of the fourth century because they clearly held theological views about Jesus being literally created before his nativity on earth which is tantamount to Arianism. In fact, I have documented the historical evidence proving that no early Christian writer ever taught the later Trinitarian doctrine of an alleged timeless coeternal Son before the time of Origen (third century); yet Origen himself vacillated back towards Semi-Arianism when not addressing his Modalistic opponents (Under the title, "Christ as Creature," Pelikan wrote, "In Origen's doctrine of the Logos, however, there were two sets of ideas ... In one sense, the logic of Origen's anti-Sabellian exegesis led to the insistence that the Logos was distinct from the Father, but eternal, so that none could 'dare lay down a beginning for the Son' (Origen, Principiis. 4 4:1) ... But at the same time Origen interpreted the passages of derivation and distinction in such a way as to make the Logos A CREATURE and SUBORDINATE to God, 'the firstborn of all creation, a thing CREATED, wisdom (Origen Princ. 4 4:1). And in support of this latter interpretation his chief proof was Proverbs 8:22-31." The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition, Vol. 1, Pg. 191 – Pelikan).

The most prominent professing Christian group that closely resembles Arianism today is the Jehovah’s Witness Watchtower Bible and Tract Society. Although there are some smaller groups who hold to a similar view that Jesus was a created being before his birth, the Jehovah’s Witness Organization is by far the most numerically prominent group (Note: Although Jehovah’s Witnesses reject the title of “Arianism,” they do hold to an almost identical view that Arius had held. Arius taught that Jesus is not the Most High God and that he was created as an angelic creature before he became a human son). Interestingly, many prominent pre-Nicene professing Christians had held a similar view of Jesus that Arius had held in the fourth century. Justin, Theophilus of Antioch, Athenagoras, and Clement of Alexandria are some examples of second century “Semi-Arians” who taught that Jesus was created as a lesser god person. Tertullian, Hippolytus, and Origen are some examples of many in the third century who had held a “Semi-Arian” view of Jesus being literally created as a lesser god person before being born.

Jesus Was Never a Created Angel Before His Virgin Conception

Hebrews 1:5 (ESV) clearly refutes Arianism, “For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you” (cited from Psalm 2:7 – “yalad” means to “given birth” as it is used in Genesis 4:1-2 for the births of Cain and Abel)? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son” (cited from 2 Samuel 7:14)?”

God never spoke to any of the angels saying, “You are my Son, today I have (yalad) given birth to you” because angelic sons are never born. Since men are begotten (born) of women on specific days, the angels (who were directly created by God before the creation of the world) are not qualified to become the Christ child. In like manner, it is hard to imagine God saying during the Old Testament time period in 2 Samuel 7:14, “I WILL BE to him a Father, and he SHALL BE to me a son” if Jesus was already a created Son before the world was created (1 Peter 1:20- “He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you”).

Jesus is spoken of as being “foreknown before the foundation of the world” but was not “manifest” “until these last days” (1 Peter 1:20) because Jesus as a Son never spoke to the Israelite ancestors until “these last days” (Heb. 1:1-2 – “God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets … in these last days has spoken to us in His Son). Here we find that the Son was “foreknown before the foundation (or creation) of the world” but was never “manifest” to speak until “these last days.” Therefore, the foreknown Christ could not have spoken as one of the angelic sons in the Hebrew Scriptures because he was not “manifest” until “the last days.”

Note: Both Arians and Trinitarians affirm that Jesus existed as one of the angelic messengers in the Hebrew Bible; yet Hebrews 1:5, 1 Peter 1:20, and Hebrews 1:1-2 proves that Jesus never existed as one of the angels in the Hebrew Scriptures.

Jesus Could Not Have Been An Angelic Agent In Creation

Isaiah 44:24 proves that Yahweh created all things all by Himself, "I am Yahweh, who made all things, who stretched out the heavens ALONE, Who spread out the earth by MYSELF." Malachi 2:10 identifies Yahweh our Creator as the Father, "Have we not ONE FATHER, has not ONE GOD CREATED US?" Isaiah 64:8 also identifies Yahweh our Creator as the Father, "YOU ARE OUR FATHER; we are the clay, and You are our potter; we all are the work of YOUR HANDS.”

In like manner, the New Testament cites the Old Testament to prove that Jesus is the appointed ruler who will execute dominion over the works of the Father’s hands.

“What is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him? Yet you have made him a little lower than the heavenly beings (the angels) and crowned him with glory and honour. You have given him dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet…” Psalm 8:4-6 (ESV)

“WHAT IS MAN, THAT YOU REMEMBER HIM? OR THE SON OF MAN, THAT YOU ARE CONCERNED ABOUT HIM? YOU HAVE MADE HIM FOR A LITTLE WHILE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS; YOU HAVE CROWNED HIM WITH GLORY AND HONOR, AND HAVE APPOINTED HIM OVER THE WORKS OF YOUR HANDS. YOU HAVE PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET. For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him. But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus …” Hebrews 2:6-9 (NASB)

Jehovah’s Witnesses cannot explain how Jesus is Michael the arch-angel while being made lower than the angels. For how could Jesus have been made lower than the angels while being an angel? The only viable interpretation is that Jesus was made lower than the angels as “the Son of Man” (Hebrews 2:6) because he is the Son of Mary via virgin conception and birth. None of the angels could ever be called the sons of men as only men are born of mankind through women. In this light we know that Hebrews 2:6-9 cites Psalm 8:5-6 to prove that the Son is the one who is “appointed to rule over the works of His Hands.” The context of Psalm 8:5-6 and Hebrews 2:6-9, proves that the Son is appointed to rule over the works of the Father’s Hands. Therefore the Son could not have created all things as the Father’s angelic agent in creation because the Father created all things by the work of His own anthropomorphic hands.

Jesus Created All Things As God Before Becoming A Son

Hebrews 3:3-4 informs us that Jesus is counted worthy of more glory than Moses because he “built all things as God” before becoming a human son:

“For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God” (KJV).

Since Jesus built all things as God before also becoming a Son, He must be God the Father who created all things before being manifested in the flesh (1 Timothy 3:16) as a true man.

Hebrews 1:8-9 (Berean Literal Bible) proves that the Son is fully “God” who became a true man who also has a God:

“But unto the Son: ‘Your throne, O God, is to the age of the age, and the scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and have hated wickedness; because of this, God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of exultation above Your companions.’”

Hebrews 1:10-12 cites Psalm 102:25-27 to prove that Jesus created all things as Yahweh God before becoming a human child born and son given,

“And: ‘You, LORD (The Divine Name Yahweh repeatedly appears in Psalm 102), laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are works of Your hands. They will perish but You remain; and all will grow old like a garment; and like a robe You will roll them up, and like a garment they will be changed; but You are the same, and Your years will never end.”

The context of Hebrews 1:8-12 proves that the Son is still the one being addressed as “You LORD (Yahweh)” in Hebrews 1:10. For Hebrews 1:8 addresses the Messiah, saying, “Your throne O God.” Then Hebrews 1:10 addresses the Messiah as “And You LORD” (Yahweh – Psalm 102 says “LORD” for “Yahweh” in the Hebrew text) who created the heavens and the earth. We know that Hebrews 1:10 addresses Jesus’ hands as the Father’s hands because Hebrews 2:7 cites Psalm 8:5-6 to show that the Father appointed the Son over the works of His hands (“You crowned him with glory and honor and appointed him [the Son] over the works of Your hands”- Heb. 2:7; Psalm 8:5-6). Thus, we can clearly see that Hebrews 1:10 cites Psalm 102:25 to show that Jesus is the Creator as Yahweh God the Father before he became the human child born and son given (Isaiah 9:6- “unto us a child is born and unto us a son is given … and his name shall be called … the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father …”).

The only viable explanation which brings harmony to all of the scriptural data is held by Oneness believers. While the Son is the man who has been appointed over the works of the Father’s hands, He who became a man as the child born and son given is the Father Himself incarnate as a true man (Isaiah 9:6 KJV, “unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given … and his name shall be called … the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father...”). Oneness theologians affirm that the true identity of the Son is the Spirit of Yahweh God the Creator before the Holy Spirit came down from heaven to become incarnate as the human child born and Son given. In contradistinction, Arians and Trinitarians falsely assume that Hebrews 1:10-12 is addressing someone other than Yahweh God the Father who created all things as the Father’s agent in creation. The Arian and Semi-Arian view that Jesus is a created being (or angelic being) in heaven who actually performed the physical act of the creation for the Father is refuted by the scriptures which affirm that Yahweh God the Father Created all things “alone” and “by Himself” (Isaiah 44:24) through His own Spiritual hands (Isaiah 64:8; Psalm 102:25; Psalm 8:5-6; Hebrews 2:6-9). The same scriptural evidence also refutes Trinitarianism as both doctrines have a lot in common.

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