The Scriptures teach that our Heavenly Father alone is the only true God (John 17:3; John 4:23-24) who is omniscient (“knowing all things”) and that His own All-Knowing Holy Spirit in the heavens also became incarnate as One Paraclete (Paraclete means “advocate,” “intercessor,” “mediator,” “comforter”) who could not know all things as a man. This explains why the Holy Spirit is sometimes referred to as the Spirit of the Father (John 4:23-24 – “God is a Spirit”; Ephesians 4:4-6- “One Spirit … One God and Father above all, through all, and in you all”) while at other times the Holy Spirit is referred to as the Spirit of the risen Christ who also became a man inside the incarnation through the virgin conception and birth (Romans 8:9 “if so be that the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ…” 2 Cor. 3:17 “the Lord is the Spirit”; Col. 1:27 – “Christ in you the hope of glory”; Acts 16:6-7 – “After the Holy Spirit prevented them from speaking the word in the province of Asia, they traveled through the region of Phrygia and Galatia. And when they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus would not permit them...”). For why else would Paul be inspired to write of only “One God (the Father) and one mediator (man/son) between God and men, the man Christ Jesus” (1 Tim. 2:5) and that “there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ (one man – 1 Cor. 8:6) ..?” If the trinity concept was true then Paul should have written of “One God the Father, One God the Son, and One God the Holy Spirit. Since Paul left out the Holy Spirit in these vital passages of scripture, it is clear that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father who also became the “Spirit of Christ” (Rom. 8:9) within the virgin as His own Son.
The Father’s Spirit Alone Is Omniscient
Mark 13:32 proves that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father Who knows all things as the Father’s Divine Person Who also became the Spirit of Christ as a man who does not know all things. For our Heavenly Father remained unchangeable in the heavens while He simultaneously became a man in the incarnation through the virgin. This explains the distinctions between the Father outside of the incarnation who knows all things and the Son inside of the incarnation who does not know all things.
“But of that day or hour, NO ONE KNOWS, not even THE ANGELS IN HEAVEN, nor THE SON, but THE FATHER ALONE.” Mark 13:32
Mark 13:32 presents two insurmountable problems for Trinitarians. First of all, how could the Holy Spirit as an alleged non-incarnate third true God Person not know something that “the Father alone” “knows” while remaining omniscient (All-Knowing) and coequal? For the Trinitarian idea of a coequal third God the Spirit Person would be just as All-Knowing [omniscient] as God the Father. Hence, Trinitarians cannot explain why “the Father alone” is omniscient (All-Knowing), but not an alleged third God the Holy Spirit Person who Trinitarians allege to have also remained unchangeable in the heavens after the Christ child was conceived and born.
The second problem is that most Trinitarian Theologians believe that an alleged Heavenly God the Son Person retained His omnipresent All-Knowingness as a distinct God Person in heaven while He simultaneously existing as a man on the earth. Since it is ridiculous to think that an alleged All Knowing Heavenly God the Son Person (who would never have lost His omniscience in heaven during the incarnation) could not have KNOWN the DAY and HOUR of His own second coming, the Son of God could not be a coequally distinct omniscient God the Son beside our only true God the Father. In like manner, it would also be impossible for an alleged non-incarnate ALL KNOWING Trinitarian God the Holy Spirit Person to have not known THE DAY and THE HOUR of Christ’s second coming, “but THE FATHER ALONE”. Therefore, the Trinitarian idea of two other alleged coequally distinct omniscient God Persons beside our Heavenly Father as “the only true God” (John 17:3; 1 Cor. 8:6) is patently false.
Oneness Theology has no problem with Mark 13:32 because we believe that the Holy Spirit of the only true God is the omnipresent Father who never lost any of His unchangeable divine attributes in the heavens while He simultaneously became a man as the arm of Jehovah revealed. In contradistinction, Trinitarians believe that the Holy Spirit is a coequally distinct All Knowing God the Holy Spirit Person beside God the Father in heaven. If this were so, how then could another God the Holy Spirit Person have not known the day and hour of Christ’s second coming, “but THE FATHER ALONE”?
Trinitarian Doctrine Does Not Harmonize With Mark 13:32
During the cross examination period in my debate with Trinitarian apologist Ethan Smith, I had asked Mr. Smith to answer Mark 13:32 which says, “But of that day or hour, NO ONE KNOWS, not even THE ANGELS in heaven, nor THE SON, but THE FATHER ALONE.” Mark 13:32 presents an insurmountable problem for Trinitarians because most Trinitarian Theologians, including Ethan Smith, believe that an alleged Heavenly God the Son retained His omnipresent All -Knowingness as a distinct Person in heaven while He simultaneously existing as a man on the earth. How then could an alleged All Knowing Heavenly Son who never lost His omniscience (All Knowingness) NOT HAVE KNOWN the DAY and HOUR of His own appearing? And how exactly could an alleged non-incarnate ALL KNOWING God the Holy Spirit Person not have known THE DAY and THE HOUR of Christ’s second coming, but THE FATHER ALONE?
When I had asked Mr. Smith these two questions that he could not answer, he jumped to Revelation 19:12 to evade my questions. Ethan Smith hypocritically condemns me of alleged eisegesis for sometimes citing other passages when I answer him, but when he does it, he always calls it exegesis. Mr. Smith cited Revelation 19:11-13 which says, “Then I saw heaven standing open (John saw a vision of Jesus in heaven), and there before me was a white horse. And its rider is called Faithful and True. With righteousness He judges and wages war. 12He has eyes like blazing fire, and many royal crowns on His head. He has a name written on Him that only He Himself knows. 13He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and His name is The Word of God…”
Mr. Smith brought up Rev. 19:12 because it says, "He has a name written on Him that ONLY HE HIMSELF KNOWS." Mr. Smith compared Revelation 19:12 with Mark 13:32 which says, “But of that day or hour, NO ONE KNOWS, not even THE ANGELS in heaven, nor THE SON, but THE FATHER ALONE (Mark 13:32).”
HERE IS THE PROBLEM WITH MR. SMITH'S RESPONSE
It is hard to image that at least some of the heavenly angels and saints in heaven would not be able to see the Name written on Christ while he would be riding next to them in heaven. For notice that the text says, “He HAS A NAME (past tense) WRITTEN ON HIM that only he himself knows” (Rev. 19:12). Also notice that the text says nothing about beings in heaven not knowing "his name written on him." Since the context of Revelation 19 is addressing Jesus returning to the earth on "a white horse," it makes sense to believe that no one living on the earth would know the name written on him.
In contradistinction to Revelation 19:12, Mark 13:32 specifically mentions, "…the angels in heaven" and "the Son" himself not knowing the day and the hour of his own appearing. Since Mark 13:32 is addressing beings in heaven not knowing, “but the Father alone,” it rules out the possibility that Jesus was only addressing people on earth not knowing the day and hour in Mark 13:32. Hence, Revelation 19:12 says nothing about heavenly beings not knowing the name written upon Christ while Mark 13:32 mentions heavenly being in heaven not knowing the day and the hour of Christ’s second coming. This would certainly explain why the text says that only he himself knows the name written upon him.
Furthermore, if Trinitarians want to insist that persons in heaven beside Jesus could not know the Name written on Christ in heaven, then there could not be two other Heavenly God Persons of a Trinity. For it is impossible for an All-Knowing God Person to not know anything while being coequal with the other alleged two God Persons. Hence, if Revelation 19:12 is also addressing persons in heaven not knowing the Name written on Christ, then this presents and insurmountable problem for Trinitarians. For Revelation 19:12 would be an untrue statement if there were three All-Knowing God Persons in heaven who would each have known that name written upon Christ. For it is impossible for an alleged true God Person to not possess His own divine omniscient mind, His own divine omniscient self-awareness, and His own divine omniscient self-consciousness. Therefore, it would be impossible for only Christ to know the name written on him in heaven if there were two other alleged all-knowing God Persons of a Trinity in heaven.
Only Oneness believers would have no problem with this verse if it is solely addressing heavenly persons not knowing the name written on Christ. For Oneness adherents believe that the deity of Jesus is God the Father Himself revealed. So if the passage is speaking about heavenly persons not knowing that name then Jesus has to be the Holy Spirit of the Father Himself who is the only omniscient God. Since Arians like Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jesus is an angelic creature, they would not be able to explain why only Jesus knows the name written on him, but not the Father. In like manner, Socinian Unitarians would not be able explain how a mere man in heaven knows the name written on him, but not the omniscient Father. So if Jesus is the only Divine Person in heaven who knows the Name written on him then this means that he is the omniscient (All-Knowing) Father. If this is the case, then all professing Christian camps are left with no explanation about the meaning of Revelation 19:12 except Oneness Pentecostals because Oneness believers affirm that Jesus is the Mighty God and Everlasting Father revealed as a man. Therefore, if Revelation 19:12 is addressing heavenly persons not knowing the name written upon Christ then only Oneness Theology can adequately explain this seemingly difficult passage of scripture.
Oneness Pentecostals believe that the Holy Spirit of the only true God is the omnipresent Spirit of the Father who never lost any of His unchangeable divine attributes while He simultaneously became a man as the arm of Jehovah revealed. Yet Trinitarians believe that the Holy Spirit is a coequally distinct All Knowing God the Holy Spirit Person in heaven. How then could another coequal God the Holy Spirit Person have not known the day and hour of Christ’s second coming, “but THE FATHER ALONE?” Thus, we can see that the Trinitarian explanations for Mark 13:32 and Revelation 19:12 does not have a rational explanation, while these verses perfectly harmonize with the theology held by Oneness Pentecostals.
Jesus is the Holy Spirit of Truth Who Speaks What He Hears
John 16:13 proves that the Holy Spirit is “the Spirit of truth” who only speaks what he hears from the Father.
"But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own, but whatever He hears, He will speak …” John 16:13
But John 14:17-18 inform us that Jesus is “the Spirit of truth.”
“Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it sees him not, neither knows him: but you know him; for he dwells with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.” John 14:17-18
Notice that Jesus identified himself as the Spirit of truth (John 14:17) who dwelt with the disciples in the flesh (“he dwells with you” – John 14:17) but would later be in the disciples as the indwelling Holy Spirit (“and shall be in you” – John 14:17). Then Jesus plainly declared, “I will not leave you comfortless (as orphans): I will come to you (John 14:18).” This explains all of the scriptures which speak of Christ as the indwelling Spirit (Romans 8:9, 26, 27, 34; Col. 1:27; 2 Cor. 3:17).
Jesus declared in John 16:13 that the Holy “Spirit of truth” “will not speak on His own” but only what “He hears” from the Father.
"But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own, but whatever He hears, He will speak …” John 16:13
But Jesus himself said that he was the one who did not speak on his own, but only what he had heard from the Father,
John 14:10 (NKJ), “…the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwells in me, he does the works.” John 14:10
John 12:49 (NIV) “For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken.”
John 5:30 (ESV), “I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge …”
After watching some of my videos, a former Trinitarian from the Netherlands who was already seeing unscriptural problems with Trinitarianism, wrote me an email stating, I came across your video entitled, 'The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father and Son, John 14:23' by Global Impact Ministries. Everything I knew to be true - without being able to articulate it myself was put into words by the speaker, so simple, so clear. I listened to it three times and then went on with the video called 'The Holy Spirit Speaks What He Hears' which thrilled me even more. How could I have never seen this analogy? Jesus said, 'The Words that I speak to you I do not speak of Myself (John 14:10)' versus 'For He shall not speak of Himself (the Holy Spirit – John 16:13)’. It became so clear Jesus was indicating that He Himself would return to them as the Spirit of truth.”
It is hard to imagine how an alleged All-Knowing God the Son and an alleged All-Knowing God the Holy Spirit Person would not have instantaneously known what to speak as alleged Trinitarian omniscient God Persons. For how could an alleged non-incarnate God the Holy Spirit Person not already know what to speak before actually speaking? For a non-incarnate God the Spirit Person would not have to listen to another Divine Person to know what to speak! Therefore the indwelling Holy Spirit has to be the Spirit of the risen Christ as Christ only spoke what he heard from the Father.
“He who descended is Himself also He who ascended far above all the heavens, so that He might fill all things.” Ephesians 4:10 NASB
God as God has always filled all things, but God as man (God as a Son, God as a Mediator and Paraclete) did not fill all things as a Son until his ascension into heaven. This explains why the Hebrew patriarchs and prophets never knew or experienced “the Spirit of His Son” (Gal. 4:4) in their hearts because only New Testament believers can Know Jesus as “the Spirit of His Son in our hearts, crying, Abba, Father (Gal. 4:6; Romans 8:9, 26, 27, 34).” And this explains how Jesus is omnipresent to hear and answer prayers as the Father who became a man in order to save His people from their sins (“If you shall ask anything in my name, I will do it” – John 14:14).
The Holy Spirit Is Jesus The Paraclete
John 14:26 calls the Holy Spirit the “Paraclete” (Advocate / Intercessor) in the singular while 1 John 2:1 and John 14:16-18 calls Jesus the “Paraclete” (Advocate / Intercessor) in the singular. Do we have two advocates who intercede for us or one?
“But the Advocate (Paraclete), the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.” John 14:26
“And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate (Paraclete) to help you and be with you forever—the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.” John 14:16-18
Who else but Jesus lived with the disciples, but would be in the disciples as the only Advocate with the Father?
“… we have an Advocate (Paraclete) with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.” 1 John 2:1
Thayer's Greek Lexicon Defines the Greek Noun “Paraclete”.
1. One who pleads another's cause before a judge, a pleader, counsel for defence, legal assistant; an advocate.
2. Universally, one who pleads another's cause with one, an intercessor.
3. In the widest sense, a helper, succorer, aider, assistant;
Here we find that both Jesus and the Holy Spirit are called One Advocate in the singular. For “Paraclete” in the Greek is in the singular form, which means, “advocate, intercessor” or “helper,” while “Parakletoi” (meaning “advocates”) is the plural form of “Paraclete” which means, “advocate” as more than one Advocate. Since no scripture ever states that we have two advocates (parakletoi), we know that Jesus is the Holy Spirit of truth who is our One Paraclete.
A Paraclete Is A Mediator
William Barclay cited a second usage of ‘Paraclete’ transliterated from the Greek in the Targum version of Job 33:23. Elihu, in his attempt to comfort Job, describes a man desperately ill and approaching death, “the pit”. “Yet”, he goes on, “if there is an angel as mediator (parakletos) for him.” The Targum used the Greek word “Paraclete” for a “mediator.”
Under Paraclete, Thayer’s Lexicon says, “The Targums and Talmud borrow Greek words פְּרַקְלִיט and פְּרַקְלִיטָא and use them of any intercessor, defender, or advocate; cf. Baxtorf, Lex. Talm., p. 1843 ((edited by Fischer, p. 916)); so (the) Targum on Job 33:23 for מֵלִיץ מַלְאָך, says an angel that pleads man's cause with God; (cf. πλουσίων παρακλητοι [Paraclete] …)”
The Targum used the Greek word Paraclete in Job 33:23 for an angel that pleads man’s cause with God.
"If there is an angel as mediator for him” (Job 33:23 NASB). The ESV, ISV, and HCSB all say “mediate” or “mediator” in Job 33:23.
Here we can see that “Paraclete” which most literally means an “Advocate” and “Intercessor” also conveys the idea of one serving as a mediator on the behalf of humanity. 1 Timothy 2:5 says, “For there is one God, and ONE MEDIATOR also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” Since the Holy Spirit is called our “Paraclete” in John 14:26 and Jesus is called this same “Paraclete” in the singular form in John 14:16 and in 1 John 2:1, it is clear that there can only be One Paraclete as our “one mediator between God and men” who is “the man Christ Jesus”.
“Paraclete” always appears in the singular form for the One who serves as our “Advocate” and “Intercessor,” namely Jesus. In like manner, “Mediator (mesites)” appears in the singular form to show that there is only One who serves as Mediator between God and men, “the man Christ Jesus.” Since John 14:26 identifies the Holy Spirit as our Paraclete (Advocate, Intercessor, Mediator) in the singular, and since 1 John 2:1 and John 14:16-18 identify Jesus as our Paraclete (Advocate, Intercessor, Mediator) in the singular, we know that Jesus must be the One Paraclete as the Holy “Spirit of truth” who lived with the disciples in the flesh but would later come into the disciples as the indwelling Holy Spirit (Paraclete). Since Luke 1:35 and Matthew 1:20 inform us that the Holy Spirit became incarnate in the Hebrew virgin (“the Holy Spirit will come upon you”-Luke 1:35; “that which is conceived in her is out of the Holy Spirit”-Matthew 1:20), it makes sense that Jesus is the Holy Spirit of the Father who became incarnate as our parakletos and mesites (advocate / intercessor / mediator) in order to save us. For God as God cannot advocate, intercede, or mediate because He is the Highest Authority, but the omnipresent God who also became a man in the incarnation can now advocate, intercede, and mediate on the behalf of humanity as the Son.
The Holy Spirit Is The Spirit of Jesus
“The angel answered and said to her, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the Son of God.’” Luke 1:35
Inspired scripture informs us that the Holy Spirit of the only true God came upon the virgin Mary to supernaturally conceive the Christ child. It was “for that reason” that the holy Christ child would “be called the Son of God.” Therefore, rather than the Son being called the Son because he has always existed as an alleged eternally existent timeless God the Son, the Son is called “the Son of God” in New Testament Scripture because the Holy Spirit performed the act of the incarnation in the virgin by becoming the child born and son given (Isaiah 9:6-“unto us a child is born and unto us a son is given … and his name shall be called … the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father”).
No verse in the Bible ever says that an alleged pre-incarnate Son came upon the Hebrew virgin to supernaturally conceive the Christ child. To the contrary, Luke 1:35 proves that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the only true God (John 17:3) who “was manifested in the flesh, justified in THE SPIRIT” who came over the virgin according to 1 Timothy 3:16.
“… an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, ‘Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for the Child who has been conceived in her is out of the Holy Spirit.” Matthew 1:20
The Christ child was not conceived “out of” Joseph or “out of” some other man, as baby Jesus was supernaturally “conceived” “out of” Mary (Gal. 4:4) and “out of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 1:20). Here we find that the Holy Spirit of God is the Messiah’s Father and Mary is the Messiah’s biological mother which helps us to understand why Jesus always prayed to the Divine Spirit as his Father. In this light we can also understand how Jesus is fully human according to his biological mother and fully “God with us” as a man according to his omnipresent Father.
“There is one body and one Spirit, just as also you were called in one hope of your calling; one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all who is over all and through all and in all.” Ephesians 4:4-6
Notice that the “One Spirit” of “One Lord” is that Spirit of the “One God and Father of all who is above all and through all and in all.” Hence, the Holy Spirit is the same Spirit of the only true God the Father (John 17:3) who also became incarnate as the human Christ. For when God the Father’s Holy Spirit became a man through the virgin in the incarnation, the Father’s “substance of Being” (hypostasis – Heb. 1:3) was “reproduced” as the “copy” of the Father’s Being (charakter – Heb. 1:3) in order to be united with a fully complete human nature as one human being called the Messiah with only one personality, not two. This explains why it was only after the incarnation that the Holy Spirit of the Father also became the man Christ Jesus and why the Holy Spirit and Jesus are called the same “Paraclete” as our post incarnational human advocate, intercessor, and mediator between God and men. Hence, the Lord Jesus is the New Testament indwelling Spirit (2 Cor. 3:17- “the Lord is the Spirit”) who is called the “Paraclete” in the singular rather than the “Paracletoi” in the plural. For the One true Spirit of God who was never a Paraclete (Advocate, Intercessor, Mediator) in the Hebrew Scriptures also became one true man as our Paraclete (Advocate, Intercessor, Mediator) in the New Testament Scriptures because of his virgin conception and birth.
John 14:26 proves that the Holy Spirit is the Paraclete (Advocate / Intercessor) while 1 John 2:1 and John 14:16-18 proves that Jesus is the Paraclete (Advocate / Intercessor). Since “Paraclete” (meaning Advocate) always appears in the singular for both Christ and the Holy Spirit, we know that the Holy Spirit has to be the same “Paraclete” (Advocate) as the singular Person called Christ. For both Christ and the Holy Spirit are spoken of as One Paraclete (One Advocate / Intercessor). For it is impossible for two alleged divine Persons to be two Persons while being only One Advocate and Intercessor (Paraclete).
“And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate (Paraclete) to help you and be with you forever--the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.” John 14:16-18 NIV
Notice that Jesus spoke of the Paraclete as a “him” four times and a “he” one time in John 14:16-17. Then in John 14:18 Jesus plainly declared, “I will not leave you as orphans, I WILL COME TO YOU.” Here it is apparent that Jesus often used “figurative language” (John 16:25) or veiled speech about the Holy Spirit of truth as a “He” and a “Him” to hide his true identity as that Spirit of truth who would abide in his disciples after his death (Isaiah 45:15 -“truly you are a God who hides Himself, O God of Israel, the Savior”).
The context of John 14:16-18 proves that “another” (allos) “Advocate” is the same “Spirit of truth” who lived with his disciples as Jesus in the flesh, but that Jesus would return in a “different” or “another” manifestation as the new indwelling Advocate when he said, “I will not leave you as orphans, I will come to you.” Since the Greek adjective “allos” simply means “other, another, or different,” John 14:16 does not say that the Holy Spirit is "another" person. In Matthew 13:24 Jesus presented another (allos) parable. Matthew 2:12 says “the magi left for their own country by another (allos) way.” Matthew 13:5 says, “Others (allos) fell on the rocky” soil. Hence, the Greek adjective “allos” can mean a “different” or “another” anything, such as a different “manifestation.” Therefore, “allos” does not necessitate another person in John 14:26.
Jesus existed with the disciples as the Paraclete (advocate and intercessor) in the flesh, but he promised to be the indwelling Paraclete (Advocate) in “another” (or “different”) manifestation as the indwelling Holy Spirit outside of his flesh. If this is not the correct interpretation of scripture, I challenge Trinitarians to cite a single verse where Jesus ever prayed to the Holy Spirit as a distinct God Person beside his Heavenly Father! Since Jesus never prayed to the Holy Spirit as a distinct Heavenly Spirit Person beside the Father, we know that Jesus could not have referenced the Holy Spirit as another God Person beside Himself.
“… we have an Advocate (Paraclete) with the Father--Jesus Christ, the Righteous One.”
1 John 2:1 NIV
“But the Advocate (Paraclete), the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.” John 14:26 NIV
Do we have two Advocates as Intercessors who mediate between God and men or one? John 14:26 proves that the Father sent the Holy Spirit, but Galatians 4:6 says that “God has sent the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.” Since 1 Timothy 2:5 proves that there is only “one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,” Jesus must be the Spirit of truth as the indwelling Holy Spirit.
Romans 8:26 proves that the Holy Spirit intercedes to God, but Romans 8:9 and Romans 8:34 prove that that Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ.
“But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is not his.” Romans 8:9
The Spirit is described as our ‘advocate’ in John 14:26 just as Romans 8:26-27 says,
"In the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself INTERCEDES for us with groanings too deep for words; and He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He INTERCEDES for the saints according to the will of God."
The first ‘intercede’ in Romans 8:26, in the Greek, is a double compound form of the verb, ‘huperentugchano’ (hoop-er-en-toong-khan'-o) [‘huper’ meaning ‘on behalf of’ – ‘entugchano’ meaning to ‘intercede’, ‘make petition’, or ‘supplication’), so that this idea of the Spirit as our advocate pleading for us is doubly emphasized.” The second ‘intercede” as it appears in Romans 8:27 is entugchanó (en-toong-khan'-o) which most literally means to “intercede, make petition,” or “supplication.” The same exact Greek verb entugchano (en-toong-khan’-o) is used for Jesus making “intercession” for us in Romans 8:34 and in Hebrews 7:24-25.
“… who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes (entugchano) for us.” Romans 8:34
“… but JESUS, on the other hand, because He continues forever, holds His priesthood permanently. Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives TO MAKE INTERCESSION (entugchano) FOR THEM.” Heb. 7:24-25
John 14:26 says that the Holy Spirit is our Paraclete who "advocates" and "intercedes" to God for us while 1 John 2:1 and John 14:16-18 call Jesus our Paraclete who advocates and intercedes to God for us. Likewise Romans 8:26-27 proves that the Holy Spirit is making intercession for the saints according to the will of God, but Romans 8:34 and Hebrews 7:24-25 prove that Jesus Christ is our only mediator between God and men who is making intercession to God on the behalf of humanity. How can Trinitarians believe in two “INTERCESSORS” who advocate and intercede to the Father as our One Paraclete while still being coequal with the Father? Could an alleged non-incarnate God Holy Spirit Person advocate and intercede to God while still being coequal?
Luke 1:35 and Matthew 1:20 prove that the Holy Spirit of the Father became a man through the Hebrew virgin. This explains why the Holy Spirit who became a man in the incarnation can now make “intercession for the saints according to the will of God” in Romans 8:27. Since the same Greek verb “entugchano” is used for both the Holy Spirit and Jesus making “intercession,” we know that the indwelling Spirit is the Spirit of the risen Christ who “intercedes for the saints according to the will of God”.
If the Holy Spirit is a coequally distinct God Person with the Father, how can Trinitarians explain how both Jesus and the Holy Spirit as two coequally distinct God Persons can intercede for humanity to the Father? Can a non-incarnate coequally distinct God the Holy Spirit Person pray or intercede to God while being truly coequal? Wherefore, the only viable explanation which upholds the deity of Christ is that God’s Holy Spirit as the Father’s Spirit also became a man in the incarnation to save us.
Since Trinitarians, Arians, and Socinians believe that the Holy Spirit is not the same Person as the Son, only Oneness Theology brings harmony to all of the scriptural data. For the Holy Spirit of the only true God the Father also became a man in the incarnation. This explains how the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Son (via incarnation) who now advocates, intercedes, and mediates humanities case before the Father as our only mediator between God and men (1 Tim. 2:5).
Jesus Is The Spirit Speaking To The Churches In Revelation 1-3
Revelation 1:17-19 proves that Jesus is the speaker to the seven churches in Asia Minor from Revelation 1:19 through Revelation 3:22.
Revelation 1:17-19 says, “When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades. Therefore write the things which you have seen …”
If you have a red letter edition Bible, you will notice that the words of Jesus Christ begin in Revelation chapter one and end in Revelation 3:22 where Jesus completes his words to the seven churches in Asia Minor by saying, “He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.” Here Jesus identified Himself as “the Spirit” who spoke to the seven churches in Asia Minor. Therefore, Jesus is the Holy Spirit of the Father Himself who also became a man in the incarnation through the virgin.
Only Oneness Theology Brings Harmony To All The Scriptures
The Holy Spirit is the Spirit who became the Christ child in the incarnation. That is why the Holy Spirit is Christ who is called the "Paraclete" in the singular rather than the Paracletoi in the plural. For two Persons as two Persons cannot function as only One “Paraclete” (as One “Advocate” and “Intercessor”) who mediates our case to God the Father. Therefore, if God was really two other God Persons as second and third Divine Persons of a Trinity, then God’s word should use the Greek word “Paracletoi” in the plural for the Son and the Holy Spirit rather than “Paraclete” in the singular. Even if Trinitarians insist against the linguistic evidence which proves that two “Paraclatoi” cannot function as One “Paraclete” as two Advocates who Intercede and Mediate, it is still impossible for the Son and the Spirit to be coequally distinct true God Persons beside the Father while serving as two Paracletoi (Two Advocates, Two Intercessors, and Two Mediators).
Trinitarians cannot allege that the Holy Spirit is a coequal non-incarnate God Person who somehow intercedes to God while still being coequal with Him. For God as God is the Highest Authority. If a God Person as a true God Person intercedes to a higher authority then that so called God Person could not be coequal. Wherefore, the only theological view which harmonizes with all of the scriptural data is Oneness Theology.