Is God One Person or Three Persons?

 

Trinitarians often claim that the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures never actually say that God is one “Person” like our English word Person. Therefore, they insist that it is possible for God to exist as three divine persons even though no scripture ever says that God is three persons. Yet just as God is not spoken of in scripture as a “Person” with our precise English rendering of that word in Hebrew and Greek, so the original languages of the Bible do not use the precise word for our English word “person” when referencing people either. Thus, it is reasonable to believe that God exists as one Divine Person in a similar way that individual human beings exist as one person.

 

Although the original languages of the Bible do not use the word “person” when referencing the one true God, the Bible does utilize similar words in Hebrew and Greek which do have the same essential meaning as the English word person. In order to rightly divide the word of truth, we must ask what words Hebrew and Greek speaking people used to describe a person that would indicate the same thing as our English word “person.” The answer to this question will prove how many persons God really is.

 

Hebrew and Greek scholars have noted that the Hebrew and Greek words for heart and soul do have the same essential meaning of the English word person. Interestingly, the Hebrew and Greek words for “heart” and “soul” are equally used for both God and for individual men. Therefore, the Trinitarian claim that God might be more than one person because the word person is not used in scripture is very misleading.

 

Whenever the Bible uses the Hebrew word “nephesh” (translated into English as a “Soul”) to describe God or an individual human being, it always speaks of God and individual human beings as a single soul just like the singular English word person described a single individual. For the Hebrew word “nephesh” can be translated as a “soul” or as a “person.” Hence, it is an undeniable fact that the ancient Hebrews and Greeks used words to describe God and man which are translated into English as “heart,” “mind,” and “soul” to describe what English speaking people normally call a “person.”

  

Genesis 8:21, “Yahweh said IN HIS HEART (leb = “heart,” by ext. “inner person”), ‘I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the intention of MAN’S HEART (leb = “heart,” by ext. “inner person”) is evil from his youth.’”

 

Genesis 2:7 (KJV), “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance).

 

Notice that in Genesis 8:21, Yahweh God spoke of Himself as having a single “heart” just like a human being has a single “heart” or “inner person” within the same sentence of inspired scripture. God further said in 1 Samuel 2:35 that He has a single “heart” and a single “Soul” in the selfsame verse.

 

“And I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who shall do according to what is in MY HEART (leb = “heart,” by ext. “inner person”) and My SOUL (nephesh = “Person”).”

Here we can clearly see that the same Hebrew words for the soul (nephesh) and heart (leb) of God is also used for the soul (nephesh) and heart (leb) of a man. Since God is not a human person (Numbers 23:19 “God is not a man”), many sincere Christians believe that God should not be called “a person” at all. However, the English word person has the same essential meaning of the Hebrew and Greek words used for God such as “heart” (Heb. Leb = “heart” or “inner person”-Strong’s – Gen. 8: 1 Sam. 2:35) and “soul” (Heb. “nephesh” and Greek “psuché”  = “person” (Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Edited by Walter A. Elwell)). Even the King James Version calls God a “Person” in Hebrews 1:3 because “Hypostasis” for God’s Substance or Essence of Being literally means a single “Essence of Being” as one “Person” (Hebrews 1:3 states that the Son is “the brightness of His glory and the express image of His Person.” The context proves that Jesus is the Father’s Person who became a man person). In like manner, the Amplified Bible says that “God is One Person” (Galatians 3:20).

 

The Scriptures are replete with examples to show us that God has one “Mind,” one “Heart,” one “Spirit,” and one “Soul” just like a man has. In fact, the same Hebrew and Greek words are used for the Mind, Heart, Spirit, and Soul of God as the mind, heart, spirit, and soul of a man. God said in Jer. 32:35, “… nor had it entered MY MIND (leb = “heart,” by ext. “inner person”, Strong’s) that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.”

 

In Genesis 8:21, “Yahweh said IN HIS HEART (according to Strong’s, leb = “heart,” by ext. “inner person”), ‘I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the intention of MAN’S HEART (leb = “heart,” by ext. “inner person”, Strong’s) is evil from his youth.’”

 

Just as a single human person is called a person because he has an invisible spiritual heart, so God spoke of Himself as having an invisible Spiritual Heart. Hence, the heart of man and the heart of God speak of a single spirit of a man and a single Spirit of God.

 

John 4:24 (KJV), “God is a Spirit (pneuma): and they that worship Him (as a single Spirit Person) must worship Him in Spirit and in truth.”

 

James 2:26 (NASB), “For just as the body without the spirit (pneuma) is dead, so also faith without works is dead.”

 

Notice that the same Greek word for the “Spirit” of God is the same Greek word for “the spirit” of a man. It is nonsensical to believe that the Spirit of God would be a third God Person distinct from two other distinct God Persons. For how could two of the three alleged distinct God Persons not have their own distinct Hearts or Spirits while remaining distinct Persons? For even a God Person must have His own distinct Heart or Spirit in order to be called a Person. Thus, it is completely ridiculous to affirm that God is a single Spirit while two of the alleged Divine Persons lack their own individual Spirits.

 

God said in Leviticus 26:30, “And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcasses upon the carcasses of your idols, and MY SOUL (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance) shall abhor you.”

 

“And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance).” Genesis 2:7 KJV


“Then the LORD God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance).” Genesis 2:7 NIV


“Then the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground. He breathed the breath of life into the man's nostrils, and the man became a living person (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance).” Genesis 2:7 NLT

Here we can clearly see that the Hebrew word for “soul” used for the Most High God and for man has the same basic meaning as our English word “person.” This is a scriptural fact that is backed up even by Trinitarian scholars. Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology says that the Hebrew word for “soul” means an “individual” (“in the plural form it indicates a number of individuals”), a “being” as a “self,” “I” or “me.”

 

Bakers Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology says,

“Frequently in the Old Testament nephes [v,p,n] designates the individual ( Lev 17:10 ; 23:30 )In its plural form it indicates a number of individuals such as Abraham's party ( Gen 12:5 ), the remnant left behind in Judah ( Jer. 43:6 ), and the offspring of Leah ( Gen 46:15 ) …Frequently nephes [v,p,n] takes the place of a personal or reflexive pronoun ( Psalm 54:4; Prov. 18:7 ). Admittedly this movement from the nominal to the pronominal is without an exact borderline. The Revised Standard Version reflects the above understanding of nepes [v,p,n] by replacing the King James Version "soul" with such translations as “being,” “one,” “self,” “I/me.” ” (Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Under the definition of soul, Edited by Walter A. Elwell)

 

Lutheran scholar Gustav Friedrich Oehler wrote that the Hebrew word for soul means “the whole person.”


“…naphshi (“my soul”), naphshekha (“thy soul”) may be rendered in Latin egomet, tu ipse; but not ruchi (“my spirit”), ruchakha (“thy spirit”)--soul standing for the whole person, as in Genesis 12:5; 17:14; Ezekiel 18:4, etc.” (Oehler, Old Testament Theology, I, 217)

 

Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology clearly states that both the Hebrew and Greek words for “soul” can also mean “person.”

 

“And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance).” Genesis 2:7 KJV


“Then the LORD God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance).” Genesis 2:7 NIV


“Then the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground. He breathed the breath of life into the man's nostrils, and the man became a living person (nephesh = “a soul, living being, life, self, person” – NAS Concordance).” Genesis 2:7 NLT

 

Here we can clearly see that the Hebrew word for “soul” used for the Most High God and for man has the same basic meaning as our English word “person.” This is a scriptural fact that is backed up even by Trinitarian scholars.

 

Psuché, as its Old Testament counterpart, can indicate the person (Acts 2:41 ; 27:37 ). It also serves as the reflexive pronoun designating the self (“I'll say to myself” Luke 12:19 ; “as my witness” 2 Cor. 1:23 ; “share our lives” 1 Thess. 2:8 ).” (Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Edited by Walter A. Elwell)

 

Since the Hebrew and Greek words for “soul” have the same essential meaning of our English word “person” or “self,” the Most High God has to be One Divine Person with a single “Self” existence. It is interesting to note that even the Divine Name of Yahweh essentially means, “The Self Existent One” (Brown-Driver-Briggs defines Yahweh as, “…the one who is: i.e. the absolute and unchangeable one, Ri; the existing, ever living, as self-consistent…”). Why would the Most High God call Himself “The Self Existent One” while existing as “Three Self Existent Ones?” If God really exists as three coequally distinct true God Persons, then God Himself misled His people by calling Himself only One “Self Existent One.”  

 

THE HEBREW BIBLE SPEAKS OF GOD AS ONE SOUL PERSON

In 1 Samuel 2:35 Yahweh God says, “And I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who shall do according to what is in MY HEART and My SOUL [MY PERSON].”
Psalm 11:5, “Yahweh tests the righteous and the wicked, and HIS SOUL [HIS PERSON] hates him that loves violence.”
Proverb 6:16, “These six things Yahweh hates, seven are an abomination to HIS SOUL [HIS PERSON].”
Isaiah 1:14, “Your new moons and your scheduled feasts MY SOUL [MY PERSON] hates.”
Jeremiah 6:8, “Be warned, O Jerusalem, lest MY SOUL [MY PERSON] be alienated from you.”
Jeremiah 15:1, “Even though Moses and Samuel were to stand before Me, MY SOUL [MY PERSON] would not be with this people.”
Ezekiel 32:18, “… MY SOUL [PERSON] turned away from her as MY SOUL [MY PERSON] turned away from her sister.”
Amos 6:8, “The Lord Yahweh has sworn by HIS OWN SOUL [HIS OWN PERSON].”

 

Yahweh God NEVER SAYS “My Souls,” nor is God ever referenced in scripture by saying “His Souls.” It is always “My Soul” or “His Soul” in the singular throughout the Bible! Thus, Yahweh our God as our Heavenly Father must be One Divine Person in His Essence of Being! This is why Hebrew and Greek scholars have often translated the word “nephesh” for “soul” in Hebrew and the word “psyche” for “soul” in Greek as a “person” or “persons” (depending if the context indicates a singular person or a plurality of persons). 

 

GREEK SCHOLARS HAVE TRANSLATED PSYCHE AS “SOUL” AND “PERSON”


“So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls (psuché).” Acts 2:41 NASB

“…because they formerly did not obey, when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons (psuché), were brought safely through water.” 1 Peter 3:20, ESV
“…who disobeyed long ago when God waited patiently in the days of Noah, while the ark was being built. In the ark a few people, only eight souls (psuché), were saved through water.” 1 Peter 3:20, BSB
“…who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons (psuché), were brought safely through the water.” 1 Peter 1:20, NASB

 

Why would Greek scholars translate the same Greek word “psuché” as human “souls” and human “persons” if the meaning of the word psuché does not hold the same essential meaning of our English word for “persons?” The NAS Concordance defines psuché (pronounced ‘psoo-khay') as “heart, heartily, life, lives, mind, minds, person, persons, soul, souls.”

 

Strong’s Concordance defines psuché (pronounced ‘psoo-khay') as “(a) the vital breath, breath of life, (b) the human soul, (c) the soul as the seat of affections and will, (d) the self, (e) a human person, an individual.” Thus, there can be no doubt that the word “psuché” has the same essential meaning of our English word for person.

 

The Greek Word Psuche In The Singular Means One Human Person Just As Psuche In The Singular Mean One Divine Person For God

 

Matthew 12:18, “Behold, My servant whom I have chosen, My beloved in whom MY SOUL [MY PERSON] is well pleased.”
Hebrews 10:38, “But my righteous one shall live by faith and if he shrinks back, MY SOUL [MY PERSON] has no pleasure in  him.”

 

There can be no doubt that the Hebrew and Greek words for “soul” have the same basic meaning as our English word “person.” There can also be no doubt that God’s Divine Person spoke of Himself as a single “Soul” both in the Hebrew and in the Greek Scriptures. For the Divine Soul (Person) of God reproduced a human image of Himself as the visible “image of the invisible God” (Col. 1:15-“who is the image of the invisible God”) who is “the brightness of His glory and the express image of His Person” (The context of Heb. 1:3-KJV shows that the Son is the image of the Father’s Divine Person) in His new human manifestation of His existence as “the man Christ Jesus” (1 Tim. 2:5; Acts 2:22-KJV- “Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him”) which began in time (Psalm 2:7-“You are My son, THIS DAY have I BEGOTTEN YOU” ‘Begotten’ means “given birth” which is the same Hebrew word used for the births of Cain and Abel in Gen. 4:1-2; See also Heb. 2:17).

 

Jesus said in John 5:26 (ESV), “For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself.

 

Notice that Jesus clearly said that God as God has only One Divine “life in Himself” and that the Son is the human “life in himself” which God “granted” later on in time. It is hard to imagine that the God of the Hebrew Apostles and Prophets really has Three Divine Lives in Himself which would be an obvious contradiction of the clear words of inspired scripture. Since Trinitarian theology cannot present a single scripture to show that God is a plurality of “Souls” or “Persons” with Three Divine Lives, we must conclude that God as God must be only One Divine Person who later produced a human image of Himself as an authentic human person in order to save us from our sins. For the God of the Scriptures never spoke of Himself as having more than One Divine Mind Consciousness, more than One Divine Heart Consciousness, more than One Divine Spirit Consciousness, more than One Divine Soul Consciousness, or more than One Divine Personal Self Consciousness. Therefore the Trinitarian idea of three alleged coequally distinct true God Persons with Three Distinct Lives could not be correct. Hence, the Trinitarian doctrine is a finite philosophical concept of men which is diametrically opposed to the clear teachings of the word of God (Col. 2:8-9-NIV-“See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the elemental spiritual forces of this world rather than on Christ. For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form”).

 

We ask our Trinitarian friends to honesty try to answer this simple question: How could each alleged distinct divine person of an alleged trinity each be a distinct person without having his own distinct heart, mind, and soul? For the scriptures state that God has only one heart, mind, and soul like a man has one heart, mind, and soul. If you cannot answer this simple question with a sound scriptural answer, then you have been duped into believing a lie about the true nature of God Himself.

 

Exodus 3:14, “God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM”; and He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”

 

Isaiah 43:10 “So that you may know and believe Me and understand that I AM HE.

 

Since the Bible never says, “We Are He,” “I Am We,” or “I Am Three,” Our Heavenly Father must be the only true God as One Individual Being or Person who created all things "alone" and by "Himself" (Isaiah 44:24; Isaiah 64:8; Mal. 2:10). This is why God always spoke of Himself in scripture as one Divine Individual just as a man is one human individual. For the scriptures repeatedly speak of God as having One Divine Heart, One Divine Mind, One Divine Soul, and One Divine Spirit just as a man has one human heart, one human mind, one human soul, and one human spirit. Therefore God must be One Divine Person in a similar way that each human individual is one human person.

The God of the Bible never said that He is more than One Divine Person. Yet Trinitarians insist on speculating that God is One Being as Three distinct Divine Persons. Trinitarian theologians and apologists love to try to make a distinction between the words “being” and “person” as if God is only One Being while existing as three alleged divine “persons.” However, the word “being” essentially means the same thing as a “person” and the word “person” essentially means the same thing as “being.”

Merriam Webster defines the word BEING as “a living thing; especially: A PERSON.” 

Merriam Webster defines the word PERSON as “a human BEING: a person.”

 

An individual human person is an individual human being and an individual human being is an individual human person. How can God be One Being and three Persons at the same time when “Being” means “a living … Person” and Person means “a human being?” Such Trinitarian mumbo jumbo is not only nonsensical - it contradicts the true meaning of Being and Person in all normative languages on earth.

 

THE BIBLE SAYS THAT GOD IS ONE PERSON

 

 

Some Greek scholars agree that the original Greek text used in Galatians 3:20 proves that God is One Individual as “One Person.”
R. G. Brachter translated Gal 3:20 as God being “One Person,” “Now a go between is not needed with one person, and GOD IS ONE PERSON.

 

Wuest’s Word Pictures of the Greek New Testament translated Gal 3:20 as God being “One Individual, “Now a mediator is not a go between representing the interest of one individual, but GOD IS ONE INDIVIDUAL.


The Amplified Bible translated Galatians 3:20 as God being “One Person,” “Now a go between and inter-mediator has to do with and implies more than one party. There can be no mediator with just one person, yet GOD IS ONE PERSON.


Since Greek scholars have proved that the original Greek text in Galatians 3:20 states that God is only ONE DIVINE INDIVIDUAL PERSON, we must acknowledge that the Trinitarian concept of God being a plurality of divine persons could not be correct. 

 

MAN HAS ONE HEART JUST AS GOD HAS ONE HEART

 

Genesis 17:17 “Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and SAID IN HIS HEART (Heb. Leb = “heart” or “inner person”), Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old?”

 

Genesis 27:41 “Esau SAID IN HIS HEART (Heb. Leb = “heart” or “inner person”)...”

 

Genesis 8:21 “And YAHWEH smelled a sweet aroma; and YAHWEH SAID IN HIS HEART (Heb. Leb = “heart” or “inner person”), I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart (Heb. Leb = “heart” or “inner person”) is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more everything living, as I have done.”

 

The Hebrew word translated as “heart” in the above scriptures is “leb” (pronounced “lave”) which Strong’s Concordance defines as “heart, by extension, the inner person.” Here God explicitly states that He has a single “heart” as a single “person” just as man has a single “heart” and is a single “person.” Since not a single scripture ever speaks of God having more than one heart or “inner person,” we know that God as our Heavenly Father has to be one as one divine individual as one divine person.

 

MAN HAS ONE MIND JUST AS GOD HAS ONE MIND

“So the LORD (Yahweh) changed His mind about the harm which He said He would do to His people…” Exodus 32:14, NASB

 

“And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, and it did not come into My mind…” Jeremiah 7:31

 

“…and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, a thing which I never commanded or spoke of, nor did it ever enter My mind…” Jeremiah 19:5, NASB

 

“They builtthe high places of Baal that are in the valley of Ben-hinnom to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire to Molech, which I had not commanded them nor had it entered My mind that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.” Jeremiah 32:35, NASB

 

No text of inspired scripture ever says, “Nor had it entered My Minds” with plural Minds? Yet this is precisely what we should expect to find in scripture if we are to believe that God is three distinct Divine God Persons of a three Person Deity. For it is impossible for God to be three coequally distinct Divine Persons without each alleged coequally distinct Divine Person each having His own distinct Mind and Personal center of Self Consciousness. Therefore, we ask our Trinitarian friends how God could be three coequally distinct Divine Persons while God never spoke of Himself as having three distinct Minds or Centers of Personal Self Consciousness anywhere In the Bible?

 

DOES GOD HAVE ONE MIND OR THREE?

 

Trinitarian theologians and apologists often contradict themselves when some of them affirm that God has only One Divine Mind and Will while others affirm that God has three coequally distinct Divine Minds and Wills. At seven minutes and twenty five seconds into Trinitarian apologist Ethan Smith's video, "More on the Oneness of the Trinity," Mr. Smith said that God has one mind like Christians are allegorically spoken of in scripture as having one mind in unity. Yet this answer still affirms that God has more than one mind because multiple Christians still have multiple minds. For a person cannot be a distinct person without each person having his own distinct mind and personal self-consciousness. Thus, if we follow Mr. Smith's logic, the three alleged divine persons have one mind in agreement while retaining one distinct mind for each of the alleged distinct divine persons. Wherefore, there is no way for Trinitarians to escape the logical deductive reasoning in which each alleged divine person must have his own distinct divine mind and his own distinct divine consciousness (will).   

 

The man Christ Jesus clearly displayed a human will and consciousness which was always subject to the divine will of his Heavenly Father. John 6:38 proves that the post incarnational man Christ Jesus came not to do his own human will, but only the Divine Will of His Father because the Father alone is “the only true God” (John 17:3). If Jesus as an alleged second true God the Son Person has a second God will (a will is the same thing as a distinct divine consciousness) distinct from God the Father, then we would have two God minds and two God wills. Since no scripture in the Bible ever supports the idea of God ever having two and three divine minds, wills, or sets of personal self-consciousness, Jesus as a Son could not be another distinct true God Person with His own distinct divine will and consciousness beside our only true God the Father.

 

The scriptures indicate that the man Christ Jesus was in union with the divine Mind and Will of God the Father by always being union with the Father’s will (John 10:38, “believe the works themselves, so that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father"). Thus, the scriptures teach that our Heavenly Father has only one distinct divine mind and will in contradistinction to “the man Christ Jesus” who was “granted” a human “life in himself” (John 5:26) with his own distinct human mind and will via his personal human life. For God continued to remain unchangeable (Mal. 3:6-“I am Yahweh, I change not”) as the omnipresent Father who fills the heavens and the earth (Jer. 23:24) while simultaneously becoming “God with us” (Matthew 1:23) as a true man because God also assumed a distinct human mind and will in the incarnation through the virgin who could pray and be tempted. 

 

The scriptures indicate that the man Christ Jesus was in union with the divine Mind and Will of God the Father by always being union with the Father’s will (John 10:38, “believe the works themselves, so that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father”).Thus, the scriptures teach that our Heavenly Father has only one distinct divine mind and will while the man Christ Jesus who was “granted a life in himself” (John 5:26) has his own distinct human mind and will. For God continued to remain unchangeable (Mal. 3:6-“I am Yahweh, I change not”) as the omnipresent Father who fills the heavens and the earth (Jer. 23:24) while simultaneously becoming “God with us” (Matthew 1:23) as a true man because God also assumed a distinct human mind and will in the incarnation who could pray and be tempted. 

 

Trinitarians cannot escape the fact that there is no sensible explanation for Trinitarians to think of the only true God as a Trinity of three coequally distinct divine persons because three persons as three persons cannot have only one divine mind and only one divine consciousness while being distinct divine persons. Trinitarian apologists often conflict with each other when asked if God has one divine mind, one divine will, one divine consciousness, or three? When Oneness Apologist Roger Perkins questioned James White about his Trinitarian belief, Dr. White responded by affirming that each of the three alleged divine persons each has his own distinct mind. In contradistinction, Trinitarian apologist Ethan Smith responded to me personally by saying, “In my two videos on the Oneness of the Trinity, I affirmed ONE essential will and consciousness in the one true God. Since Jehovah is only ONE Being, I can also assume that there can only be one mind and it's impossible for there to be three 'separate' minds. I'm certainly not affirming two or three separate wills in God. There's distinction but strict unity.”

 

I responded to him from his own comments on his video entitled, “More on the Oneness of the Trinity,” “You brought up the idea that Christians can be said to be of ‘one mind’ in scripture as an example to affirm that Trinitarians can believe that God has one mind. Yet I clearly pointed out that although a group of Christians can allegorically have one mind to be in agreement, each distinct Christian person still has his own distinct mind and will. My point is that three distinct persons each have to have three distinct minds and wills for each alleged divine person to be a true distinct person. For God as God cannot have only one consciousness while simultaneously existing as three God Persons, as each alleged divine person must have His own distinct consciousness. If you are affirming that God as God (not God as man in the incarnation) has only One Mind and One Consciousness, then your whole Trinitarian idea of Three Divine Persons collapses. For I have heard you affirm that the Holy Spirit as a coequally distinct God Person intercedes to the Father (Romans 8:26-27). How can one alleged divine person intercede to the Father without having a distinct mind and consciousness?”

 

I continued, “The only viable explanation is the Oneness view that the late Robert Sabin and I have pointed out. The Holy Spirit is the Father's Spirit in action Who continued to fill heaven and earth as the Spirit of the Father while His substance of Being was reproduced as an imprinted copy of Himself” via virgin conception (Heb. 1:3 “character” means “imprinted copy” and “hypostasis” means “Being” or “Person”) because God had simultaneously become a true man within the virgin while retaining all of His Divine attributes intact (Mal. 3:6-“I am Yahweh, I change not”; Matthew 1:20; Luke 1:35). Therefore the Holy Spirit is the Father's Spirit in action who became a true man in the incarnation while also remaining unchangeable in the heavens as the One Spirit of the Father (Ephesians 4:4-6; John 4:23-24; Jer. 23:24) who seeks true worshipers to worship Him (not them) in Spirit and in truth (John 4:23-24). This explains how the Holy Spirit (the Holy Spirit is the “paracletos” in John 14:26) is the same Spirit of Christ (the Spirit of “Jesus Christ” is called the same “paracletos” John 14:16; 1 John 2:1) as the same individual as one “paracletos” (paracletos is in the singular form for the Holy Spirit in John 14:26 and for Jesus in John 14:16 and in 1 John 2:1) who advocates and intercedes for us (Rom. 8:9, 26, 27, 34; Heb. 7:24-25).”

 

Then I asked, “Please give us Oneness believers a viable answer to show how your alleged non-incarnate God the Holy Spirit can be our ‘paracletos’ who advocates and intercedes for us without having his own mind, will, and consciousness (Mr Smith never responded with an answer)? Brother Sabin and I have understood these passages to prove that the Holy Spirit of the Father also became a man with a human will who has ‘ascended far above the heavens that he MIGHT FILL ALL THINGS’ (Ephes. 4:10), as the second Adam was ‘made a life giving Spirit’ (1 Cor. 15:45 – God as God cannot be “MADE A LIFE GIVING SPIRIT”) when he ascended on high to "fill all things” in order to become our indwelling paracletos (Gal. 4:6; Col. 1:27).”

 

I continued, “I already pointed out in some of my videos and articles that Robert Sabin also taught that the human spirit of Christ is now omnipresent as the Holy Spirit of God (Romans 8:9). Your belief that God has only one mind, will, and consciousness contradicts the teaching of James White and other scholars who are far more knowledgeable and experienced than you are. Why does your theology differ from James White? Should I post a video entitled, ‘Ethan Smith Contradicts Trinitarian Theology’ like you did when you posted a video against me? Your apologetic style is to attack your opponents personally when you can't win the scriptural arguments.” (Just one month after our debate, Ethan Smith had posted a video falsely alleging that I contradicted Oneness Theology by falsely charging me with Nestorianism and Socinianism)

 

CREATION ITSELF TESTIFIES TO THE ONENESS OF GOD’S PERSON

 

Romans 1:20 informs us that the creation itself testifies about our Heavenly Father’s eternal divinity, “For the invisible things of Him (not them) since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are MADE (Created), even HIS ETERNAL power and DEITY; so that we are without excuse (Rom. 1:20).”

 

“God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him ...” (Genesis 1:27)

 

The Almighty created Adam after His own spiritual image as one individual person with a single mind, heart, and soul. Hence, just as Adam was created as one individual person, so God is one individual Divine Person. For Adam mirrored the image of his Maker. No created man or angel has ever existed as three distinct persons. If God is three persons, then why do we not mirror the image of our Maker? If God is a Trinity as three distinct persons, then so should we!

 

Even the animals “with the breath of life (Genesis 7:15)” in them from God all have one head, one mind, and one spirit. Ecclesiastes 3:21 clearly states that each animal has a single spirit: “the spirit of the beast (Eccles. 3:21).” Even though Romans 1:20 states that the created natural order of things declares “His Eternal Power and Godhead (Deity)” (“For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse - Rom. 1:20-KJV). Trinitarian theologians defy this scriptural truth by alleging that God is three distinct Persons and that each of the three distinct persons has his own distinct divine mind and will. Yet nothing in the creation shows that “the invisible things of Him (God)” in “His Eternal Power and Deity” are being “clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made” as a trinity of three distinct God minds and three G;;;cod wills. For what kind of creation of God has been made with three distinct minds and wills?

 

It is hard to imagine a Tri-Personal God with three minds and three wills. For if God really had three distinct Minds and Wills then each God Person would be able to disagree with the wills of the other two. Thus it would be possible for God to argue with Himself. Since Trinitarian theologians cannot cite a single scripture where God as God ever disagreed or argued with Himself, God could not be a trinity of three God Persons with each having His own distinct Mind and Will.

 

Genesis 1:26-27 proves that Adam and the angels were made in the image of God. Yet if God is three alleged Spirit Persons of a Tri-Personal Deity, how is it that mankind does not mirror the image of His maker? If we do not mirror the image of our maker as three distinct Persons, then the whole Trinitarian doctrine collapses!

 

Oneness adherents appeal to the miraculous nature of the incarnation when God became a man to explain how the only true God the Father could incarnate Himself as a fully human Son as the Father’s own “arm revealed” to us as a man. Therefore the creation of Adam in the spiritual image of our Heavenly Father proves that our Heavenly Father’s eternal divinity is clearly seen and should be clearly understood by the things that are made … so that we are without excuse (Rom. 1:20).” In contradistinction to the clear words of inspired scripture, Trinitarian theology cannot say that Adam was created in the spiritual image of a three person deity because man is clearly only one spirit person rather than three distinct spirit persons. 

 

Trinitarians have to appeal to the supernatural ability of God to be three distinct persons while remaining a single God Being. Yet their view cannot explain how Adam was made in the image of God as one individual person in Genesis one while God is supposed to be three persons. Nor can the Trinitarian view be rationally expressed because three distinct Persons cannot be called One Being while at the same time being three distinct Persons

 

Our Heavenly Father is the only true God as One Individual Being or Person who created all things “alone” and by “Himself” (Isaiah 44:24; Isaiah 64:8; Mal. 2:10). This is why God always spoke of Himself in scripture as one Individual just as a man is one individual. For just as a man has one heart, one soul, and one spirit as one person, so the scriptures state that God has one Heart, one Soul, and one Spirit as One Person. Since man is made after “the image of God” (Genesis 1:26), all human beings must mirror the image of their Maker in His distinct Oneness of Being. 

 

GOD ALWAYS ANTHROPOMORPHICALLY DESCRIBED HIMSELF AS ONE GOD PERSON

 

Whenever God spoke of Himself anthropomorphically (attributing human physical attributes to God), He always spoke of Himself as having one mouth, one face, one nose, and one right hand. In the incarnation, Jesus himself is spoken of as “the arm of Yahweh” revealed (Isaiah 53:1) which was confirmed by the apostle John in John 12:37-38 (“Although Jesus had performed so many signs in their presence, they still did not believe in Him. This was to fulfil the word of Isaiah the prophet: “Lord, who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” – John 12:37-38 BSB). Oneness believers have faith in God’s ability to become a Son as a true man while retaining all of His unchangeable attributes as the omnipresent God who never had to cease being omnipresent to save us.

 

Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology defined Anthropomorphism in relation to God: “(Gk. anthropos [human] + morphe [form]). Assignment of human attributes to God.”

 

Under “Anthropomorphisms,” Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology states that anthropomorphisms of the Bible describe God as having physical human characteristics.

 

“Anthropomorphisms also attribute human form and shape to God. God redeems Israel from Egyptian bondage with an outstretched arm (Exodus 6:6) … Other texts refer to the back, face, mouth, lips, ears, eyes, hand, and finger of God.”

 

“The expression, ‘YAHWEH’S anger burned’ (Exodus 4:14) is interesting. A literal translation of the Hebrew is ‘THE NOSE OF YAHWEH BURNED.’” (The above quotes are found under “Anthropomorphisms,” Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology – a free copy is posted on line at https://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/bakers-evangelical-dictionary/)

 

No verse anywhere in the Bible ever says that God has more than one face, nose, or mouth. Just as a single human person has one nose, one mouth, one face, and one right hand, so God described Himself as having one nose, one mouth, one face, and one right hand in scripture. God often used anthropomorphic language (Anthropomorphism means human descriptions of God’s Personal Being) in the Bible so that we finites can understand that His Oneness of Being is like our oneness of being; except that our infinite omnipresent Heavenly Father transcends the oneness of being of a finite man.   

 

THE FACE OF GOD

 

Numbers 6:25-26 (NASB) says, “The LORD (YHWH) make His face shine on you, And be gracious to you; The LORD (YHWH) lift up His countenance on you, And give you peace.”

 

1 Chronicles 16:11 (NASB) says, “Seek the LORD (YHWH) and His strength; Seek His face continually.”

 

Psalm 80:19 (NASB) says, “O LORD (YHWH) God of hosts, restore us; Cause Your face to shine upon us, and we will be saved.”

 

Ezekiel 38:18 says, “And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, says YAHWEH GOD, that My fury shall come up in My Face.”

 

Ezekiel 39:29 says, “I will not hide My face from them any longer, for I will have poured out My Spirit on the house of Israel,” declares the Lord GOD.

 

No commentator could ever use any of the above passages of scripture to explain God as eternally existing as more than one divine person because the overwhelming support of inspired scripture is self-evident. God has one face as One Spirit Person just as a single man has one face as a single spirit person. If God really was three divine persons then each alleged divine person should have his own Personal Face and his own Personal Spirit.

 

YAHWEH GOD KNEW MOSES “FACE TO FACE” AND SPOKE WITH HIM “MOUTH TO MOUTH.”

 

Deuteronomy 34:10, “Since that time no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom YAHWEH KNEW FACE TO FACE.”

 

Numbers 12:6-8, "And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I Yahweh will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house. WITH HIM WILL I SPEAK MOUTH TO MOUTH …”

 

Our Heavenly Father spoke so explicitly in the Torah (The first five books of the Bible) that the Oneness of God’s Person should not even be a debatable topic. For who could argue that God has three Spirit Faces or three Spirit Mouths, one for each alleged divine person of a three person deity?

 

WHENEVER GOD REVEALED HIMSELF, HE ALWAYS SPOKE ANTHROPOMORPHICALLY AS ONE INDIVIDUAL JUST AS A MAN IS ONE INDIVIDUAL

 

Under Anthropomorphisms, Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology says,

“We read of the face of God (Exod. 33:20; Num.6:24; Psalms 9:3; Is. 59:1-2), the mouth of God (Numbers 12:8),the breath of God (Ps. 33:6), the eyes of God (Gen. 6:8; Proverbs 15:3), the nose of God (Exodus 15:8), and the ear of God (Ps. 34:15; Is. 59:1-2), the arm of God (Exodus 15:16, Ps. 89:10), the hand of God (Ex. 7:5; Isaiah 50:11 or 59:1-2; and Acts 7:55), the feet of God (Exodus 24:10), and the heart of God as in (Hosea 11:8).” (From Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, under Anthropomorphisms)

 

The natural reading of any of the above texts of inspired scripture would not lead anyone to believe that the Most High God is a plurality of three coequal and coeternally distinct Divine Persons. For how can a Divine Person be a distinct Divine Person without possessing His own Spiritual Face, Mouth, Eyes, Heart, and so forth? Of course, the invisible God does not have a physical mouth, nose, or face that can be seen with human eyes. These things were written in God’s word for the benefit of mankind to make Himself “known to us in language conformed to the manner of men.”

 

An anonymous mid nineteenth century Theologian going by the name of Theophilus wrote, “God … makes himself and his doings known to us in language conformed to the manner of men; leaving it for common sense to decide as to the meaning of what he says of himself, for the express purpose of being understood – not for the purpose of casting a mist before our eyes so that we cannot see what he means (Cited by Robert Sabin in his “Let us” Article, under “Doctrinal Biblical Issues” at whoisjesus.com).” It is in this light that we are to understand God’s use of anthropomorphisms throughout the Bible such as God walking (Genesis 3:8 “And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day”), standing (1 Sam. 3:10 “Then the LORD came and stood and called as at other times”), breathing through His mouth (Psalm 33:6 “by the breath of His mouth”), breathing though His lips (Isaiah 11:4 “And with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked”), and breathing through His nostrils (Psalm 18:15, “the blast of the breath of Your nostrils”).

 

Genesis 3:8 speaks of Adam and Eve hearing “… the sound of YAHWEH WALKING IN THE GARDEN IN THE WIND OF THE DAY.” Nowhere in scripture do we find more than One God Person anthropomorphically walking or standing. Since the Name Yahweh literally means “The Self Existent One,” it is hard to imagine that three Self Existent Distinct Divine Persons walked in the Garden of Eden to visit Adam and Eve.

 

1 Samuel 3:10 states that “YAHWEH came and stood there, calling as at the other times, "Samuel! Samuel!"

 

Here we can see that God spoke of Himself as One Individual God Person who came and stood before Samuel. We are not to think that the invisible God actually walked into the Garden of Eden, or actually stood before Samuel with a physical body which would contradict the invisibility of God before “the word was made flesh” (John 1:14; Colossians 1:15). Hence, these expressions are used in inspired scripture to help us finites understand that God’s Invisible Spirit presence can travel, go up or down, or remain in one location with greater power and glory than in other locations.

 

Exodus 33:21-23 (ESV), “And the LORD said, “Behold, there is a place by me where you shall stand on the rock, and while my glory passes by I will put you in a cleft of the rock, and I will cover you with my hand until I have passed by. Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen.”

 

Herein we find scriptural evidence to show that God’s Glorious Spirit can come down from heaven to pass by Moses in greater power and glory than His omnipresent Spirit exists elsewhere. Seeing God’s “back” is clearly an anthropomorphic expression for Moses only being able to see a portion of God’s glory rather than the fullness of His glory which is His anthropomorphic face (Exodus 33:20-ESV- “But, he said, you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live”).

 

In Exodus 33:23 God granted Moses a special opening of his spiritual eyesight to see a portion (back parts means a portion of God's glorious presence) of His glory. For if Moses had actually been in the presence of the fullness of His glory he would have died. Here we see that the words "face to face" must be a Hebrew idiom for closeness or nearness to the divine presence rather than visually seeing God with a physical face or body. Moses was obviously much closer to the divine presence than the Israelites and most of the subsequent prophets because God spoke to him more directly than the majority of the Old Testament prophets. 

 

1 Kings 8:10-11 (NASB), “It happened that when the priests came from the holy place, the cloud filled the house of the LORD, so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD…

 

Acts 2:4 (BSB), “And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.” 

 

There can be no doubt that the Holy Spirit of God who fills the heavens and the earth (Jer. 23:24, “Do I not fill the heavens and the earth?” declares the LORD”-NASB) can fill specific temples, buildings, and people without diminishing His ability to be All-Seeing, All-Knowing, and Omnipresent (Psalm 139:7-8, “Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence? If I ascend to heaven, You are there; If I make my bed in Sheol, behold, You are there”). If the invisible God has always had a physical body, then that body could not be everywhere present. Jesus is the only visible image of the invisible God that we will ever see when he returns “with the clouds of heaven” (Matthew 24:29-31, “they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory”) to “sit upon the throne of his glory” (Matthew 25:31, “When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory”) as “King over all the earth” (Zech. 14:19, ‘And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one” KJV).  

 

THE MOST HIGH GOD DOES NOT HAVE A PHYSICAL BODY

 

Even Trinitarian scholars affirm that God does not have a physical body that can be physically seen with human eyes. Robert Deffinbaugh (graduate of Dallas Theological Seminary) affirmed that God is Spirit and has no literal face or body.

 

Dr Robert Deffinbaugh wrote, “Both the Old Testament and the New indicate to us that God has no form, that is, God has no physical body. God’s presence among men is spiritual, not physical. God is spirit, so that He is not restricted to one place, nor is worship any longer restricted to one place. God is invisible because He is spirit, not flesh.” (A free copy of ‘The Invisibility of God’, is posted at Bible.org, by Dr Robert Deffinbaugh – a graduate of Dallas Theological Seminary)

 

Mr Deffinbaugh went on to say, “God spoke to Moses ‘face to face,’ but He would not allow Moses to ‘see His face.’ Therefore, seeing God ‘face to face’ is not the same thing as seeing God’s face. Speaking “face to face” means speaking with someone on a personal, intimate basis as a friend speaks to a friend. A similar figure of speech is found in Numbers 14:”

 

“But Moses said to the Lord, “Then the Egyptians will hear of it, for by Thy strength Thou didst bring up this people from their midst, and they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land. They have heard that Thou, O LORD, art in the midst of this people, for Thou, O LORD, art seen eye to eye, while Thy cloud stands over them; and Thou dost go before them in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night” (Numbers 14:13-14 KJV).

 

Mr Deffinbaugh concludes, “God was ‘seen eye to eye’ by the Israelites. In the context, this means that God made His presence known to the Israelites by the cloud which led them and which became a pillar of fire at night. It does not mean God has physical eyes and that the Israelites saw those eyes. God’s presence was with His people, and He made that presence known. But nowhere did anyone see the face of God, because God has no face. God is Spirit and is not made of flesh. He is invisible to men because He has no body...” (A free copy of ‘The Invisibility of God’, is posted at Bible.org, by Dr Robert Deffinbaugh – a graduate of Dallas Theological Seminary)

 

We are not to think of the invisible God as literally having a giant nose or a giant mouth in the heavens as His invisible presence fills the heavens and the earth. For even Trinitarian Bible scholars have noted that our invisible God regularly used anthropomorphic language attributing human attributes to Himself so that we finites can understand the nature of His Infinite Being.

 

Isaiah 66:1 NIV, “This is what the LORD [YAHWEH] says: "Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. Where is the house you will build for me? Where will my resting place be?”

 

Here we find that God’s Throne is all of heaven rather than in one particular location. We finites like to think of God as having a physical body and a physical throne where NASA could find Him resting on that throne in a space ship. While God often spoke of Himself as having body parts, these descriptions of God are only meant to describe His Oneness of Being so that we finites can better understand His Oneness.

 

Colossians 1:15, “He [CHRIST] is the image of THE INVISIBLE GOD, the firstborn of all creation.”


Hebrews 11:27, “By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is INVISIBLE.”


1 Timothy 1:17, “Now to the King eternal, immortal, INVISIBLE, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.”

 

No scripture from Genesis to Revelation ever says that God as God is a plurality of coequally distinct Yahweh Persons in which one of the alleged coequal God Persons could be seen while the other two could not be seen. It was only after God had manifested Himself in human flesh (1 Tim. 3:16) via virgin conception that the invisible God also became visible in an authentic human life of flesh and blood. If the three alleged so called Trinitarian God Persons were truly coequal, then all three should have been equally invisible before the incarnation. However, the scriptures inform us that Jesus is the only image of the invisible God (Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:3) that we will ever see (John 14:7-9 “He that has seen me has SEEN THE FATHER”) because God also became a man through the Hebrew virgin.


GOD IS NOT ONTOLOGICALLY A MAN


Numbers 23:19, “God is not a man, that He should lie, Nor a son of man, that He should repent …”


1 Samuel 15:29, “Also the Glory of Israel will not lie or change His mind; for He is not a man that He should change His mind.”

 

Since God as God is not ontologically “a man,” Jesus as a human child born and son given could not have been literally God with us as God or he would not have been a true man at all. Hence, Jesus as Emmanuel “God with us” (Matthew 1:23) had to have existed as a true man via incarnation as a distinct ontological human being with an authentic human “life in himself” (John 5:26) just as the first Adam had existed as a true man with an authentic human life in himself (1 Cor. 15:45-ESV-“So also it has been written: ‘The first man Adam became into a living soul;’ the last Adam into a life-giving spirit”). For if the Son of God, who is also called the Son of man, was merely God manifested in a human body of flesh then he could not have been a true human son of God and son of man at all. This explains the post incarnational sufferings, temptations, and prayers of Christ as a true man.

 

Why does inspired scripture sometimes call God a man? 1 Samuel 29:12 says, “The LORD is a man of war; the LORD is his name.” The Hebrew word “ish” (pron. “eesh”) literally means a “man” in both the Strong’s Concordance and in the NAS Exhaustive Concordance. The only viable explanation which brings harmony to all of the scriptures is that our only true God used the attributes of a single man to describe Himself as One Individual so that the Israelites would not fall into the idolatry of worshiping Him as a plurality of God Persons. While God is not ontologically a man, God regularly used the attributes of a man to describe Himself as One God so that we finites can better understand His Oneness of Being and Person. 

 

NEW TESTAMENT EXAMPLES WHERE GOD DESCRIBED HIMSELF ANTHROPOMORPHICALLY

 

Under Anthropomorphisms, Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology says,

“New Testament examples include the hand of God in (John 10:28); and where Stephen saw Jesus standing at “The right hand of God” in (Acts 7:56-56). Elsewhere, we see the finger of God in (Luke 11:20); the eyes of God in (Heb. 4:13,1Peter 3:12); the face of God in (Matt 18:10); and where we see God “Putting all things in subjection under his” feet” in (1Cor 15:27).(A free copy of Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, under Anthropomorphisms, can be viewed online at https://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/bakers-evangelical-dictionary/)

 

In all New Testament examples, God appears to possess the physical characteristics of a man. Yet we know that God as our only true God is not an ontological man (Numbers 23:19) or the ontological son of a man. For the invisibility of God is clearly an immutable attribute of His Divine Essence of Being which cannot change (Mal. 3:6, “I am Yahweh, I change not”; Hebrews 11:27, “By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is INVISIBLE”; 1 Timothy 1:17, “Now to the King eternal, immortal, INVISIBLE, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever”).

 

ANTHROPOMORPHIC LANGUAGE DESCRIBING THE MESSIAH AS YAHWEH

 

Just as God used anthropomorphic language in the Hebrew Bible to describe His Oneness of Being and Person, so God used anthropomorphic language to describe His future incarnation as the man Christ Jesus.

 

Psalm 118:14, “YAHWEH is my strength and song, And HE HAS BECOME MY SALVATION.”

 

Psalm 118:21-22, “I will praise You, For You have answered me, And HAVE BECOME MY SALVATION. The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone. This was YAHWEH’S doing; It is marvelous in our eyes.”

 

Jesus himself cited this passage which identifies him as that Yahweh who had become our salvation that the builders rejected. In Matthew 21:42 ESV, “Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures: ‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?” By citing Psalm 118, Jesus claimed that he is Yahweh who became our salvation through the Hebrew virgin.

 

GOD ANTHROPOMORPHICALLY DESCRIBED HIMSELF AS BECOMING OUR SALVATION AS YAHSHUA (The Name of Jesus in Hebrew is Yahshua which means Yahweh Saves)

 

Isaiah 53:1 NIV, “Who has believed our message and to whom has THE ARM OF YAHWEH been revealed?”

 

Jesus the Messiah is our Yahweh who has come to “Save His people from their sins” (Matt. 1:18-23) because the Messiah’s Name literally means “Yahweh Saves” (“…keep them through your Name, the Name which you have given me” – John 17:11; “…has given him the Name which is above all names” – Philippians 2:9; Heb. 1:4; John 5:40). The Name of the Messiah is called, “Immanuel,” which being interpreted means, “God with us” (Matthew 1:23). Just as a man’s own arm belongs to himself, so Jesus is the arm of Yahweh God the Father revealed to us as a true man living among men.

 

The context of Isaiah 53 proves that Isaiah 53:1 is a Messianic prophecy in which Jesus would be the future “arm of Yahweh” Himself who would be “revealed.” Isaiah 53:2, “He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. 3 He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. 5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.

 

There can be no doubt that the context of Isaiah chapter 53 is addressing Jesus the Messiah as the one who is “the arm of Yahweh” Himself “revealed. The apostle John corroborated the fact that the prophet Isaiah identified the Messiah as Yahweh Himself revealed in John chapter twelve.

 

The apostle John wrote in John 12:37-38, “But although He had done so many signs before them, they did not believe in Him (JESUS), that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke: ‘Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has THE ARM OF YAHWEH been revealed?’”

 

Isaiah 52:10 NASB, “YAHWEH will lay bare HIS HOLY ARM in the sight of all the nations, and all the ends of the earth will see the salvation of God.

 

Salvation is now offered to all of the ends of the earth through Jesus Christ our Messiah. Notice that Isaiah identified the Messiah as “His holy arm.” Since Yahweh God the Father has laid bare His Holy Arm in the sight of all the nations, we know that Jesus is the Father’s own anthropomorphic arm revealed.

 

Isaiah 63:5 NASB, “I looked, and there was no one to help, and I was astonished and there was no one to uphold; So MY OWN ARM BROUGHT SALVATION to Me, And My wrath upheld Me.”

 

Isaiah 59:16 NASB, “And He saw that there was no man, And was astonished that there was no one to intercede; Then HIS OWN ARM BROUGHT SALVATION to Him, And His righteousness upheld Him.”

 

Our Heavenly Father clearly said, “My OWN ARM BROUGHT SALVATION.” Hence, Jesus is the Father’s own anthropomorphic arm as the extension of the Father’s own Essence of Being revealed as a fully complete human being who came to save His people from their sins. For just as a man’s own arm is an extension of himself, so Jesus is the Father extending Himself into the world as “God” who “was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit (1 Tim. 3:16)...” Since “the Lord is the Spirit” in 2 Cor. 3:17, and “Christ Jesus (is) the Lord” in the context of 2 Corinthians 4:5, we know that the God who “was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit” is the Holy Spirit as “the Lord from heaven” (1 Cor. 15:47; Luke 1:35) who came down (“I came down from heaven” John 6:38) to “save His people from their sins (Matthew 1:18-23).” 

 

Isaiah 40:10-11 KJV, “Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.”

 

Revelation 22:12-16 (NIV), “Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to each person according to what they have done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End. Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city. Outside are the dogs, those who practice magic arts, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters and everyone who loves and practices falsehood. I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches.

 

Jesus our Messiah is clearly “the Good Shepherd(John 10:11) who said, “I am coming” and “my reward is with me(Revelation 22:12 cited above) in the context of Revelation chapter twenty two. But Isaiah 40:10-11 says, “Behold, the Lord GOD will come (Jesus said, “I am coming”) with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him (Jesus said, “my reward is with me”), and his work before him. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd (Jesus said, “I am the good shepherd – John 10:11).” In Revelation 22:12-16 we find that Jesus is the speaker who said “I, Jesus have sent my angel” in the context of saying, “I am coming soon! My reward is with me.” Thus, inspired scripture identifies Jesus as “the Lord God” who came as the Father’s own “arm” to “rule for Him” over “all peoples, nations, and languages” (Dan. 7:14-ESV- “And to him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away”) of the earth as “God with us” who was “made fully human in every way” (Heb. 2:17-NIV) in order to save us and tabernacle with us (Rev. 21:3-KJV- “And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God”).

 

TRINITARIANS CLAIM THAT GOD IS MORE THAN ONE PERSON BUT NO SCRIPTURES SAY THAT GOD IS MORE THAN ONE PERSON.

 

The scriptures prove that Satan is “the god of this age” who blinds people from seeing Christ as “the image of God” the Father Himself. 2 Corinthians 4:3-4 (BSB) says, “And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers so they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.” 2 Corinthians 4:6 (BSB) goes on to say, “For God, who said ‘Let light shine out of darkness,’  made His light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.”

 

Inspired scripture proves that our Invisible Heavenly Father has only one visible image of His invisible Person who is “the brightness of His glory and the express image of His Person” (Heb. 1:3) with us as a fully complete man person. That is why we can only see “the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” For when the fullness of time had come, the divine Spirit Person called God the Father partook of flesh and blood (Heb. 2:14) as the Holy Spirit of God manifesting Himself in the flesh (1 Tim. 3:16) as a true man person who is “God with us” (Matthew 1:23) as the only physical human image of His invisible Spirit Person. Hence, the Son of God is the only tangible and visible image of the invisible God that we finites shall ever see (John 1:18; John 14:7-9).

 

Since the man Christ Jesus is the only person at the anthropomorphic “right hand” of the Father (Psalm 110:1 says, “sit at My right hand”), he must be that God and Father who became a man in order to save us. For why else would God say in Isaiah 45:5, “Besides Me there is NO GOD,” while God also informed us that Jesus our Messiah is beside his Father’s anthropomorphic right hand? Hence, there can be no other God Person beside our Heavenly Father (“I am Yahweh, and there is no other; Besides Me there is no God” - Isaiah 45:5).

 

God had clearly said in Isaiah 45:5, “Besides Me there is no God” which clearly inform us that Jesus has to be God the Father in genuine and full human existence in order to be beside God at His anthropomorphic right hand (Isaiah 45:5-ESV- in context deals with the Messiah being called “God” and “Savior” during His millennial reign: “They will plead with you (the Messiah), saying: ‘Surely God is in you, and there is no other, no god besides him.’ Truly, you are a God who hides himself, O God of Israel, the Savior”- Isaiah 45:14-15-ESV). In like manner, Isaiah 43:11 coupled with Psalm 110:1 and Isaiah 45:5, 14, 15 proves that there can be no other true God and Savior of all humanity beside our “only true God (John 17:3)” the Father (“I am Yahweh, beside Me there is no Savior” - Isaiah 43:11). Isaiah 43:11 is also linked to the Messiah being God and Savior (Yahweh God said, “Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen (the Messiah): that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no saviour). Wherefore, the words of inspired scripture clearly refutes the theologies of Trinitarianism (Another distinct coequal God the Savior Person beside the Father who is not the same divine identity as the Father), Arianism (Another lesser distinct god the savior person beside the Father who is not the same divine identity as the Father), and Unitarian Socinianism (A mere man who is not God and Savior beside the Father).

If God is really three distinct divine persons, then we should find some scriptures where God actually spoke of Himself as a plurality of heart persons or a plurality of soul persons somewhere in the Bible. Yet the Biblical evidence proves that God always spoke of Himself as having a singular Heart, a singular Soul, a singular Mind, and a singular Spirit as a single Individual Person. The same is true with God’s anthropomorphic descriptions of Himself as having one face, one mouth, one nose, one right hand, and God’s anthropomorphic description of Himself becoming our salvation via His new human mode of His existence through virgin conception as our Messiah (King David wrote Psalm 118:14-ESV-“The LORD [YHWH] is my strength and my song; he has become my salvation” in the context of a Messianic prophecy in Psalm 118:22-23-NASB- which says, “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief corner stone. This is the LORD'S doing; It is marvelous in our eyes”; Jesus applied Psalm 118:22-23 to himself in Matthew 21:42-NASB-“Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the Scriptures: 'The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. This is from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes'”; Isaiah 53:1-“To whom has the ARM OF YAHWEH been revealed?”; Isaiah 52:10-“YAHWEH has bared His holy arm In the sight of all the nations, That all the ends of the earth may see The salvation of our God”; Isaiah 40:10- “Behold, the Lord GOD will come with might, With His arm ruling for Him Behold, His reward is with Him And His recompense before Him”). Since God never spoke of Himself as ever being a plurality of Souls or as a plurality of Spirit Persons being seated on a plurality of Thrones in either the Old or the New Testaments, all true worshipers of the Father must worship our Heavenly Father alone in Spirit and in truth through His only human image of Himself that we will ever see (“He that has seen me has SEEN THE FATHER”-John 14:7-9; “He that sees me sees the One who sent me”-John 12:45), namely, “the man Christ Jesus (1 Tim. 2:5).”

 

 

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